Nikodim Kondakov

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Kondakov, Nikodim Pavlovich


Born Nov. 1 (13), 1844, in the village of Khalan’, Novyi Oskol District, Kursk Province; died Feb. 17, 1925, in Prague. Russian historian of Byzantine and ancient Russian art; academician of the Academy of Sciences in St. Petersburg (1898); full member of the Academy of Arts in St. Petersburg (1893).

Kondakov studied at Moscow University from 1861 to 1865. He taught at the universities of Odessa (1870–88) and St. Petersburg (1888–1917). After 1920 he lived abroad, and from 1922 on he taught at the university in Prague. Kondakov developed an iconographic method of studying major artistic works. He analyzed primarily their typological features, as well as the social, cultural, and political reasons for these features.


Istoriia vizantiiskogo iskusstva i ikonografii po miniatiuram grecheskikh rukopisei. Odessa, 1876.
Vizantiiskie emali: Sobranie A. V. ZvenigorodskogoIstoriia ipamiatniki vizantiiskoi emali. St. Petersburg, 1892.
Arkheologicheskoe puteshestvie po Sirii i Palestine. St. Petersburg, 1904. Ikonografiia Bogomateri, vols. 1–2. St. Petersburg, 1914–15.


Lazarev, V. N. N. P. Kondakov, 1844–1925. Moscow, 1925. (With a complete list of Kondakov’s works.)
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
The historian Nikodim Kondakov, for example, understood Russia's cultural history as a series of connections leading from the Scythian steppe to the Late Roman (Byzantine) Empire, via the Mediterranean and Venice.
(14) The second was the articulation in the 1880s by the internationally acclaimed art historian Nikodim Kondakov of a holistic vision of "Russian culture" as a product of centuries of interaction between the empire's Slavic and non-Slavic nationalities, including the population of the Caucasus and Central Asia.
(79) By the 1890s, the interest in the interaction between the "East" and the "West" as a driving force of the formation of what was termed "Russian culture" began to dominate research, being promoted by, in addition to Rozen, such influential academics as the literary scholar Aleksandr Veselovskii (1838-1906) and the archaeologist and art historian Nikodim Kondakov (1844-1925).