Nikolaeva, Klavdiia

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Nikolaeva, Klavdiia Ivanovna


Born July 13, 1893, in St. Petersburg; died Dec. 28, 1944, in Moscow. Soviet party and trade union figure. Member of the Communist Party from 1909.

Nikolaeva, the daughter of a worker, worked in a bindery. She participated in the Revolution of 1905–07. In 1910 she went to work for the board of the printers’ union in St. Petersburg and became a contributor to the journal Rabotnitsa (Working Woman). She was exiled to Enisei Province in 1915. She was the editor of Rabotnitsa after the February Revolution of 1917, took part in the October Armed Uprising in Petrograd, and worked on the Petrograd provincial party committee. Nikolaeva was one of the leaders of the First All-Russian Congress of Women Workers and Peasants in 1918. She was head of the women workers’ section of the Central Committee of the ACP(B) 1924 to 1926 and head of the Agitation and Propaganda Section of the Northern Caucasus regional committee of the ACP(B) from 1928 to 1930.

Nikolaeva headed the mass agitation section of the party’s Central Committee from 1930 to 1933 and was second secretary of the Ivanov regional committee of the ACP(B) from 1934 to 1936. She became secretary of the All-Union Central Trade Union Council in 1936. A delegate to the Thirteenth through Eighteenth Party Congresses, she was elected a candidate member of the Central Committee at the Fourteenth, Fifteenth, and Sixteenth Party Congresses and a full member of the Central Committee of the ACP(B) at the Thirteenth, Seventeenth, and Eighteenth Party Congresses. She was a member of the Central Executive Committee of the USSR and became a deputy and a member of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR in 1937. Nikolaeva was awarded the Order of Lenin and various medals. She is buried in Red Square at the Kremlin wall.


Karaseva, L. “K. I. Nikolaeva.” In the collection Slavnye bol’shevichki. Moscow, 1958.
Korneeva-Glebova, N. S. “Slavnaia doch’ rabochego Pitera.” In the collection Leningradkl Leningrad, 1968.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.