a city under krai jurisdiction, the administrative center of Nikolaevsk Raion, Khabarovsk Krai, RSFSR. Port on the left bank of the Amur River 80 km upstream from the Amur Estuary. The nearest railroad station is Komsomol’sk-na-Amure, 621 km upstream on the Amur. Population, 32,900 (1974).
The city was founded by G. I. Nevel’skii in 1850 as a military and administrative settlement (the Nikolaevsk post). In 1856 it was transformed into the city of Nikolaevsk; it became Nikolaevsk-na-Amure in 1926. Soviet power was proclaimed on Feb. 16, 1918. In September 1918 the city was occupied by Japanese troops. During the Civil War it was the center of a partisan movement around the lower Amur. Soviet power was finally consolidated in the city on Sept. 25, 1922. The main branches of the economy are the servicing of the fishing industry and ship repair. There are food-processing enterprises, including a fish-processing combine and a sausage factory. There are medical and pedagogical schools and a museum of local lore. An obelisk and monument to the city’s founder, G. I. Nevel’skii, have been erected.