Nikolai Alekseevich Golovkinskii

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Golovkinskii, Nikolai Alekseevich

 

Born Nov. 17 (29). 1834. in Kazan Province; died June 9 (21). 1897, in Alushta. Russian geologist.

In 1861. Golovkinskii graduated from the University of Kazan, becoming a professor of geology and paleontology there in 1868. Between 1871 and 1886 he was a professor of mineralogy, dean, and rector of Novorossiia University in Odessa. In his works devoted to the post-Tertiary formations of the Volga Region (1865) and to Permian formations (1869), he introduced for the first time in world geological literature, a clear conception of the oscillating movements of the earth’s crust and worked out a method for showing them in a cross section of sedimentary rocks. He established the dependence of strata formation on the movement of the shoreline, that is, on a change in facies conditions, and introduced the concept of the geological horizon.

REFERENCE

Sokratov, G. I. “Iz istorii russkoi geologii vtoroi poloviny 19 v. (k 50-letiiu so dnia smerti N. A. Golovkinskogo i 80-letiiu ego teorii).” Zapiski Leningradskogo gornogo in-ta, 1949, vols. 15–16.

V. V. TIKHOMIROV

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
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