Nikolai Dmitrievich Kuznetsov

Kuznetsov, Nikolai Dmitrievich


Born June 10 (23), 1911, in Aktiubinsk. Soviet scientist, specializing in jet aircraft engines; corresponding member of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR (1968) and Hero of Socialist Labor (1957). Member of the CPSU since 1939.

Kuznetsov graduated from the N. E. Zhukovskii Air Force Academy in 1938. From 1943 to 1946 he was a deputy chief designer and from 1946 to 1956 chief designer. He has been a general designer since 1956. Engines were developed under his leadership for the Tu-114, Tu-154, An-22, and I1–62 aircraft and for the Tu-144 supersonic passenger aircraft. He has been a deputy to the sixth to eighth convocations of the Supreme Soviet of the RSFSR. He received the Lenin Prize in 1956 and has been awarded three Orders of Lenin, four other orders, and medals.