Nikolai Efremov

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Efremov, Nikolai Nikolaevich


Born Feb. 22 (Mar. 6), 1886, in Sumy; died Feb. 26, 1947, in Moscow. Soviet chemist; Honored Worker in Science and Technology of the RSFSR (1947). Efremov graduated from the St. Petersburg Polytechnic Institute in 1911; he was a pupil of N. S. Kurnakov. In 1924 he became a professor at the Ural Chemical Engineering Institute and other higher schools. In 1937 he became the head of the laboratory of physicochemical analysis of organic compounds, which he had founded, at the Institute of General and Inorganic Chemistry of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR. He was one of the founders of physicochemical analysis of systems formed by organic compounds. He was awarded the Order of the Red Banner of Labor and a medal.


Pogodin, S. A. “Nikolai Nikolaevich Efremov.” Izvestiia Sektora fiziko-khimicheskogo analiza In-ta obshchei i ne organic he skoi khimii AN SSSR, 1956, vol. 27, pp. 7-14. (Contains a list of Efremov’s works.)
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.