Nikolai Grot

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Grot, Nikolai Iakovlevich


Born Apr. 18 (30). 1852, in Helsinki; died May 23 (June 4), 1899. Russian idealist philosopher.

Grot was the son of la. K. Grot. From 1886 he was a professor at Moscow University. He was the chairman of the Moscow Psychological Society and the first editor of the journal Voprosy filosofii i psikhologii (from 1889). Grot’s philosophy evolved from a positivist negation of philosophy, expounded in The Relation of Philosophy to Science and Art (1883), to an attempt to create an independent system, using, in particular, elements from the philosphy of G. Bruno, E. Kant. A. Schopenhauer, and E. Hartmann. Grot’s early psychological works, for example, The Psychology of Sensations (1879–80) reveal the influence of I. M. Sechenov’s reflex theory. Subsequently, he endeavored to create a theory of the interaction of psychic and material processes, introducing the concept of psychic energy. This brought his theory close to the energetism of W. Ostwald. Grot endeavored to prove the existence of god, thereby becoming one of the precursors of the Landmarks and Bogoiskatel’stvo movements.


Osnovnye momenty v razvitii novoifilosofii. Moscow, 1894.
Dzhordano Bruno i panteizm. Odessa, 1885.
Filosofiia i ee obshchie zadachi. St. Petersburg, 1904. (Collection of articles.)


Nikolai lakovlevich Grot.... St. Petersburg, 1911. (With a bibliography.)


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
In the latter category, Donskov mentions the names of the artists Ilya Repin and Leonid Pasternak, the composers Sergei Taneev and Anton Arensky, the philosophers Nikolai Grot and Pavel Bakunin, the directors Konstantin Stanislavskii and Vladimir Nemirovich-Danchenko, and the literary critics Nikolai Strakhov and Vladimir Stasov, as well as a great number of writers and publishers such as (amongst others) Fet, Turgenev, Gorky, Zinaida Gippius, Nikolai Leskov, and Anna Dostoevskaya.