Nikolai Ivanovich Kuznetsov

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Kuznetsov, Nikolai Ivanovich


Born Dec. 5 (17), 1864, in St. Petersburg; died May 22, 1932, in Leningrad. Soviet botanist. Corresponding member of the St. Petersburg Academy of Sciences (1904).

In 1888, Kuznetsov graduated from the University of St. Petersburg. He was a professor at the University of lur’ev (Tartu; 1895–1915), Tavrida University (1918–21), and the University of Leningrad (from 1921). From 1915 to 1918, Kuznetsov was the director of the Nikita Botanical Gardens. In 1922 he became the head of the geobotanical division of the Central Botanical Gardens in Leningrad.

Kuznetsov’s principal works deal with the flora of the Caucasus, the taxonomy and phylogenetics of flowering plants, and geobotanical cartography. In 1914 he developed a phylogenetic classification system for flowering plants. He founded one of the first Russian botanical journals, Trudy Botanicheskogo sada lur’evskogo universiteta (Proceedings of the Botanical Gardens of the lur’ev University), which was published from 1900 to 1914; between 1915 and 1917 it was published under the title Vestnik Russkoi flory (The Herald of Russian Flora).


Vvedenie v sistematiku tsvetkovykh rastenii, 2nd ed. Leningrad, 1936.


Russkie botaniki; Biografo-bibliograficheskii slovar’, vol 4. Compiled by S. lu. Lipshits. Moscow, 1952.
Lavrenko, E. M. “N. I. Kuznetsov kak uchenyi.” Botanicheskii zhurnal, 1965, vol. 50, no. 1.


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
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