Nikolai Ivanovich Zheleznov
Zheleznov, Nikolai Ivanovich
Born Oct. 16 (28), 1816, in St. Petersburg; died there Jan. 15 (27), 1877. Russian botanist and agronomist.
Zheleznov graduated from St. Petersburg University in 1838. He was a professor at Moscow University (from 1847), academician (from 1857), and organizer and first director of the St. Petersburg Institute of Agriculture and Forestry (1861–69). The first president of the Russian Society of Horticulture (1858), he was also the first scientist in Russia to study plant embryology. Zheleznov initiated research on plant physiology at the St. Petersburg Academy of Sciences and studied plant growth (mainly hops).