Lunin, Nikolai Aleksandrovich
Born May 9 (22), 1915, in Riazhsk, present-day Riazan’ Oblast; died Oct. 3, 1968, in Moscow. Innovator of Soviet railroad transportation; Hero of Socialist Labor (1943). Member of the CPSU from 1941.
As a locomotive engineer at the roundhouse in Novosibirsk, Lunin was the initiator of socialist emulation in new methods of maintaining locomotives (increasing the amount of locomotive service repairs completed by the members of the locomotive brigade). The methods he proposed made it possible to cut down the repair time and the downtime in the roundhouse, to reduce the cost of repair, and to increase useful operating time. Lunin’s innovation was widely disseminated in the field of transportation and in many branches of industry. After graduating from the Institute of Railroad Engineering in 1950, Lunin was involved in the management of railway transportation.
Lunin was a deputy to the Supreme Soviet of the USSR of the second convocation. He received the State Prize of the USSR in 1942 and was awarded two Orders of Lenin. He was the author of the book How to Reduce the Amount of Industrial Repair: Our Maintenance Experience for Locomotives (1941).