Nikolai Mikhailovich Astyrev

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Astyrev, Nikolai Mikhailovich


Born Nov. 16, 1857, in Tikhvin, Novgorod Province; died June 3, 1894, in Moscow. Russian public and literary figure and statistician.

Astyrev was close to the ideas of populism. He worked as a volost (small rural district) clerk in Voronezh Province, in the statistics bureau of the Moscow Province zemstvo (district assembly), and in the Irkutsk statistics bureau. Astyrev was a contributor to Russkie vedomosti, Vestnik Evropy, Russkaia mysl’, and other publications. In 1891 and 1892 a circle of the democratic intelligentsia grouped itself around Astyrev in Moscow. He was the author of the proclamation “First Letter to Starving Peasants” (from Peasants’ Well-Wishers), which was published in 1892 by the underground press of the Grappa Narodovol’tsev (Populist Group). He was in prison from 1892 to 1894.


V volostnykh pisariakh. Moscow, 1886. Second edition: Moscow, 1896. (Repeatedly republished.)
Derevenskie tipy i kartinki: Ocherki ... Moscow, 1891.
Na taezhnykh progalinakh: Ocherki zhizni naseleniia Vostochnoi Sibiri. Moscow, 1891.
Mirskie raskhody po Evropeiskoi Rossii. [No place or year.]


Lenin, V. I. Poln. sobr. soch., 5th ed., vol. 5. Pages 282, 451.
Istoriia Moskvy, vol. 4. Moscow, 1954. Pages 451, 452, 458.
Vengerov, S. A. Kritiko-biograficheskii slovar’ russkikh pisatelei i uchenykh, vol. 1. St. Petersburg, 1889.
Men’shikov, L. Okhrana i revoliutsiia, part 1. Moscow, 1925.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
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