Nikolai Patolichev

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Patolichev, Nikolai Semenovich


Born Sept. 10, (23), 1908, in the village of Zolino, now in Dzerzhinsk Raion, Gorky Oblast. Soviet government and party figure. Hero of Socialist Labor (1975). Member of the CPSU since 1928.

Patolichev came from a peasant background. His father, an officer in the First Cavalry Army in the Civil War, rose from command of a squadron to command of a regiment and finally of a brigade before he was killed in battle. From 1925 to 1929 Patolichev worked at the la. M. Sverdlov Plant in Dzerzhinsk. In 1929–30 he was secretary of the Dzerzhinsk raion committee of the Komsomol, and in 1930–31 secretary of the Varna (Cheliabinsk Oblast) raion committee of the Komsomol. In 1937, after graduating from the Military Academy for Protection Against Chemical Attack, Patolichev served in the Soviet Army. In 1938 he was in the apparatus of the Central Committee (CC) of the ACP(B), serving as CC party organizer at the Yaroslavl Rubber Combine. From 1939 to 1941 he was first secretary of the Yaroslavl oblast and city party committees, and from 1941 to 1946 first secretary of the Cheliabinsk oblast and city party committees.

In 1946–47, Patolichev was secretary of the CC of the ACP(B) and concurrently deputy chairman of the Council on Kolkhoz Affairs Under the Council of Ministers of the USSR. In 1947 he was secretary of the CC of the Communist Party (CP) of the Ukraine (Bolshevik). From 1947 to 1950 he was first secretary of the Rostov oblast and city committees of the ACP(B), and from 1950 to 1956 first secretary of the CC of the CP of Byelorussia. Between 1956 and 1958, Patolichev was deputy minister and then first deputy minister of foreign affairs of the USSR. In August 1958 he was appointed Soviet minister of foreign trade.

Patolichev was a delegate to the Eighteenth through Twenty-fifth Party Congresses. He became a candidate member of the CC in 1939, becoming a full member in 1941. A member of the Orgburo (Organizational Bureau) of the CC in 1946–47, Patolichev was a candidate member of the Presidium of the CC of the CPSU in 1952–53. He was a deputy to the first through ninth convocations of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR. Patolichev has been awarded nine Orders of Lenin, an Order of the Red Banner of Labor, and various medals.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.