Nikolai Sergeevich Kashkin

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Kashkin, Nikolai Sergeevich


Born May 2 (14), 1829, in Kaluga; died there Nov. 29 (Dec. 12), 1914. Russian social and political figure. Member of the Petrashevskii circle.

Kashkin was a nobleman and the son of a Decembrist. He graduated from the Alexander Lycée in 1847 and served in the ministry of foreign affairs. The Petrashevskii circle (which included A. V. Khanykov, A. I. Evropeus, and D. D. Akh-sharumov), whose members studied the works of Utopian socialist authors, began to meet in Kashkin’s home in October 1848. Kashkin was arrested in April 1849, deprived of all his rights and his possessions, and brought to trial. In 1849 in the Petrashevskii trial Kashkin was exiled to the Caucasian corps as a rank-and-file soldier. He was promoted to officer’s rank in 1855. Kashkin was a member of the liberal opposition in the Kaluga provincial committee during the period of preparation for the peasant reform of 1861. He was a member of the Kaluga district court from 1870 to 1908.


Delo petrashevtsev, vol. 3. Moscow-Leningrad, 1951.
Semevskii, V. I. “Petrashevtsy: Kruzhok Kashkina.” Gobs minuvshego, 1916, nos. 2–4.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.