Nikolai Sergeevich Tiutchev
Tiutchev, Nikolai Sergeevich
Born Aug. 10 (22), 1856, in Moscow; died Jan. 31,1924, in Leningrad. Russian revolutionary; Narodnik (Populist).
The son of a dvorianin (nobleman), Tiutchev studied at the Medical-Surgical Academy in St. Petersburg from 1874 to 1877 and at the faculty of law of the University of St. Petersburg in 1877 and 1878. In 1875 he was arrested for his association with N. I. Kibal’chich. After joining Land and Liberty in late 1876, Tiutchev carried on propaganda among the workers. He was arrested on Mar. 2,1878, and exiled to Eastern Siberia.
After Tiutchev returned from exile in 1891, he helped found the People’s Right Party. He was arrested again in April 1894 and sent back to Eastern Siberia. In 1904 he joined the Socialist Revolutionaries and became a member of a terrorist group. Tiutchev lived abroad from 1906 to 1914. Beginning in 1918, he worked in a historical-revolutionary archive in Petrograd and headed the Commission for Exposing Secret Agents of the Okhranka (tsarist secret police). Tiutchev was a member of the Society of Former Political Prisoners and Exiles, and he contributed to the journal Katorga i ssylka (Hard Labor and Exile).