Nikolai Shchukin

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Shchukin, Nikolai Leonidovich


Born Apr. 13 (25), 1848; died June 2, 1924. Russian scientist in railroad transport.

After graduating from the St. Petersburg Institute of Technology in 1873, Shchukin taught at the institute, becoming a professor in 1889. From 1883 to 1907, he taught at the Military Engineering Academy. In 1906, he became a teacher in the Advanced Courses for Women in St. Petersburg.

A number of steam locomotives were built according to Shchukin’s designs, including the 1–3–0 series N locomotives and 0–4–0 tank locomotives. Shchukin also designed, for example, passenger cars for the Nikolaevskaia Railroad (now called the Oktiabr’ Railroad), a freight car with a load capacity of 1,200 poody (about 20 tons), and the class 4 passenger car. Between 1897 and 1907, the world’s first kerosine pipeline, which extended from Baku to Batumi, was built according to Shchukin’s design and under his direction; it was converted to a petroleum pipeline in 1931. In 1922, Shchukin was put in charge of a technical council for the building of the first Soviet diesel locomotive, which was designed by Ia. M. Gakkel’.


“Prof. Nikolai Leonidovich Shchukin” (obituary). Zheleznodorozhnoe delo, 1924, no. 6.
Pamiati Nikolaia Leonidovicha Shchukina. Moscow, 1925. (Tr. Nauchno-tekhnicheskogo komiteta Nar. komis. putei soobshcheniia, issue 12.)
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.