Shuikin, Nikolai Ivanovich
Born Mar. 18 (30), 1898, in Mstera, in what is now Vladimir Oblast; died Sept. 1, 1968, in Moscow. Soviet organic chemist. Corresponding member of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR (1953). Member of the CPSU from 1942.
A student of N. D. Zelinskii’s, Shuikin graduated from Moscow State University in 1927. He joined the staff of the university in 1930 and became a full professor there in 1943. In 1937 he also became a staff member of the Institute of Organic Chemistry of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR. Shuikin’s principal works were devoted to the study of the catalytic transformations of various organic compounds, such as hydrocarbons, furan, and furan derivatives. He developed methods for preparing stable and highly active catalysts for the dehydrogenation of six-membered cycloparaffins and certain alkanes.
Shuikin received the State Prize of the USSR in 1946; he was also awarded two orders and various medals.