Nikolai Tikhonov

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Tikhonov, Nikolai Aleksandrovich


Born May 1 (14), 1905, in Kharkov. Soviet state and party figure. Hero of Socialist Labor (1975). Member of the CPSU from 1940.

The son of an office worker, Tikhonov became an assistant locomotive engineer in 1924. After graduating from the Dnepropetrovsk Metallurgical Institute in 1930, he held various technical and engineering positions in industry. Between 1933 and 1947 he worked as a shop superintendent or chief engineer at plants in Dnepropetrovsk and Pervoural’sk. From 1947 to 1950 he was director of the Nikopol’ Southern Pipe Metallurgical Plant.

Tikhonov was head of the central board of the Ministry of Ferrous Metallurgy of the USSR from 1950 to 1955 and was assistant minister from 1955 to 1957. From 1957 to 1960 he was chairman of the Dnepropetrovsk sovnarkhoz (economic council). Tikhonov served from 1960 to 1965 as deputy chairman, with the rank of minister of the USSR, of the State Scientific Economics Council of the Council of Ministers of the USSR. From 1963 to 1965 he was deputy chairman, again with ministerial rank, of the Gosplan (State Planning Committee) of the USSR. In 1965 he became a deputy chairman of the Council of Ministers of the USSR and in 1976, first deputy chairman. Tikhonov was a candidate member of the Central Committee in 1966. He has been a member of the Central Committee of the CPSU since 1966 and a candidate to the Politburo since 1978. He was a deputy to the fifth through ninth convocations of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR.

Tikhonov received the State Prize of the USSR in 1943 and 1951. He has been awarded seven Orders of Lenin, three other orders, and various medals.

References in periodicals archive ?
1985 - Soviet Prime Minister Nikolai Tikhonov resigns for health reasons and replaced by Nikolai Ryzhkov.
Nikolai Tikhonov, 29, and Yevgenia Khasis, 24, members of a radical neo-Nazi nationalist group, were jailed over the murders, which made headlines all over the world and once again highlighted the dangers faced by journalists and human rights activists in modern Russia.
Nikolai Tikhonov recommended him as a model for young writers in 1930.
Kipling's choice of form, particularly his frequent use of the song and the ballad, proved popular in the Russian context; many Soviet poets, particularly Nikolai Tikhonov, adopted the ballad form, exploiting what Eliot termed the privileging of narrative over metrical form in order to deliver a story rapidly and laconically (A Choice of Kipling's Verse, p.
This emerges strongly in a 1930 poem by Nikolai Tikhonov, depicting tractors ploughing through the night in Turkmenistan in order to fulfil the plan.
However, since the last congress, in 1986, the purge of officials has been constant, affecting not offly such personalities as former Foreign Minister Andrei Gromyko and ex-Premier Nikolai Tikhonov but also a host of lesser figures in the Soviet nomenklatura.
Its thirteen voting members still include five aged but influential survivors of the conservative Brezhnev era--among them, Nikolai Tikhonov, the 80-year-old Prime Minister who presides over the government apparatus, which is the center of opposition to economic reform.