Saint Nicholas

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Related to Nikolaus: Nikolaus Pevsner, Sankt Nikolaus

Nicholas, Saint,

patron of children and sailors, of Greece, Sicily, and Russia, and of many other places and persons. Little is known of him, but he is traditionally identified as a 4th-century bishop of Myra in Asia Minor. His relics were stolen from Myra in the Middle Ages and taken to Bari, Italy. St. Nicholas is the subject of many legends. He is credited with restoring to life three boys who had been chopped up and pickled in salt by a butcher. Another famous story concerns his giving three bags of gold to the daughters of a poor man and thus saving them from lives of prostitution. Later tradition transformed the bags into three gold balls, which became the symbol of pawnbrokers. In the Netherlands and elsewhere St. Nicholas's feast (Dec. 6) is a children's holiday, appropriate for gifts. The English in colonial New York adopted from the Dutch the now unrecognizable saint, calling him Santa Claus (a contraction of the Dutch Sint Nikolaas). They moved his feast day to the English gift holiday, Christmas. The career and qualities attributed to Santa Claus are all recently acquired.

Bibliography

See biography by C. W. Jones (1978, repr. 1988).

References in periodicals archive ?
We are pleased to welcome a prestigious institution such as GIB among our clients," said Nikolaus Frei.
QUIZ CHALLENGE: 1 Nikolaus August Otto; 2 Bradford; 3 Alan-a-Dale; 4 The Sonoran or Gila Desert; 5 They are varieties of tea.
Presented by Sunand Prasad, President of the Royal Institute of British Architects, the RIBA Sir Nikolaus Pevsner International Book Award for Architecture went to Fabrizio Nevola, for his book, Siena, Constructing the Renaissance City; the first book to focus on Siennese architectural and urban history during the fifteenth and early sixteenth centuries.
1 Nikolaus August Otto; 2 Bradford; 3 Alan-a-Dale; 4 The Sonoran or Gila Desert; 5 They are verities of tea; 6 Real Madird; 7 A scalene triangle; 8 Uranus; 9 Fred Barker; 10 Saint Alban.
ANSWERS: 1 Nikolaus August Otto; 2 Bradford; 3 Alan-a-Dale; 4 The Sonoran or Gila Desert; 5 They are varieties of tea; 6 Real Madrid; 7 A scalene triangle; 8 Uranus; 9 Fred Barker; 10 Saint Alban.
Nikolaus Harnoncourt, Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra.
Playing even further into cultural stereotype, one of the German soldiers, Nikolaus (Benno Furmann), just happens to be a professional opera singer.
3 HINZERT MUSEUM AND DOCUMENT CENTRE, GERMANY In the middle of an old German agricultural landscape, a strange new creature has been placed: Nikolaus Hirsch's Document Centre, which opens next month.
Concentus Musicus Wien and Wiener Staatsopernchor with Nikolaus Harnoncourt.
That's about the same proportion that a pigeon walking on a treadmill immobilized its head in experiments by Nikolaus Troje, also of Queen's.
Pierre-Laurent Aimard--piano*, Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra, Nikolaus Harnoncourt.