Saint Nicholas

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Nicholas, Saint,

patron of children and sailors, of Greece, Sicily, and Russia, and of many other places and persons. Little is known of him, but he is traditionally identified as a 4th-century bishop of Myra in Asia Minor. His relics were stolen from Myra in the Middle Ages and taken to Bari, Italy. St. Nicholas is the subject of many legends. He is credited with restoring to life three boys who had been chopped up and pickled in salt by a butcher. Another famous story concerns his giving three bags of gold to the daughters of a poor man and thus saving them from lives of prostitution. Later tradition transformed the bags into three gold balls, which became the symbol of pawnbrokers. In the Netherlands and elsewhere St. Nicholas's feast (Dec. 6) is a children's holiday, appropriate for gifts. The English in colonial New York adopted from the Dutch the now unrecognizable saint, calling him Santa Claus (a contraction of the Dutch Sint Nikolaas). They moved his feast day to the English gift holiday, Christmas. The career and qualities attributed to Santa Claus are all recently acquired.

Bibliography

See biography by C. W. Jones (1978, repr. 1988).

References in periodicals archive ?
lyrics: George Wither (1588--1667), music: Nikolaus Newerkla)
The seven members of the class of 2015 include Stephen Allen, Kaylie Bentien, Nikolaus Coats, Michael Donovan, Justin Douglass, Melanie Kim and Kaley Poet.
Over the course of 23 years (1961-74) Sir Nikolaus published architectural studies of every significant building in every English country.
German carrier Air Berlin PLC on Tuesday said that the founder of Austrian carrier NIKI Luftfahrt GmbH, Andreas Nikolaus (Niki) Lauda, has been appointed to the board of Air Berlin PLC as a non-executive director.
With this software upgrade, we are bringing a wealth of new and really entertaining experiences to all our 2011 Xperia smartphones, including those already in consumer's hands today", said Nikolaus Scheurer, head of product marketing, Sony Ericsson.
Professor Mark Harrison from the university and Professor Nikolaus Wolf from Humboldt University found that the number of wars increased by two per cent a year throughout the 20th century.
Austrian Minister of Environment Nikolaus Berlakovich has stated he will propose the measure at Monday's Council of European Ministers of Environment in Brussels.
Warner's roster of artists includes conductors Daniel Barenboim, Nikolaus Harnoncourt and William Christie; tenors Placido Domingo and Jose Carreras; violinist Maxim Vengerov; cellist Mstislav Rostropovich; American soprano Susan Graham; the San Francisco-based all-male vocal group Chanticleer; and the early music ensemble Boston Camerata.
ADPnews) - Jul 19, 2010 - The Austrians working in the field of environmental protection or restoration are 185,000 and the number could rise by 100,000 in the next ten years, environment minister Nikolaus Berlakovich said today.
Black Tower is exporting into more than 152 countries worldwide, but we want to grow in markets such as China, the US and Brazil," said Nikolaus Schritz, joint MD.
As Father Nikolaus Maier began preaching, parishioners heard a woman moan from above: "Yes, give it to me big boy - harder, you know I need it.
Architect Nikolaus Pevsner updates traditional FEMA trailer with environmentally sustainable features [Architect's Newspaper]