First, historians must recognize that not all Anabaptists were sectarian, in contrast to Ernst Troeltsch's paradigm (8-10), as Hubmaier's efforts and success in securing the cooperation of civil authorities in both Waldshut and Nikolsburg
After linking Hutterite history to biblical history and that of the early church before its "fall" under Constantine the Great, the chronicler writes that the Brethren emerged from a series of schisms and relocations that began with a conflict in 1526 between a pacifist group led by Hans Hut of Bibra and a non-pacifist group founded by Balthasar Hubmaier in the town of Nikolsburg
(Mikulov) in southern Moravia.
Hubmaier departed Zurich a broken man, and after a brief stay in Augsburg, he made his way to Nikolsburg
37) The apocalyptic message of Hans Hut apparently played an important role when the future Austerlitzers, many of whom were refugees from neighboring Austria, separated from the Anabaptist parish churches of the Nikolsburg
dominion of the Lords of Liechtenstein during Lent in 1528, just ten weeks before the expected apocalyptic events that Hut had foretold were to take place on Pentecost of that year.
The Brethren of the Covenant emerged in that same year, 1528, in the aftermath of the conflict in 1527 between Balthasar Hubmaier and Hans Hut in Nikolsburg
The first version of the Urteil appeared in July 1526; a second, expanded version dedicated to Martin Goschl, the leading pastor in Nikolsburg
, appeared soon thereafter.
Luther's Bondage of the Will had been popularly received by the masses; indeed, the influence was so far-reaching that apparently Anabaptists in Hubmaier's own Nikolsburg
were attracted to Lutheran soteriology.
Although it would have been good for him to keep his oath in mind, nevertheless he immediately went to Nikolsburg
, where he once again preached and practiced Anabaptism, and published many books on the subject.
Above all, Friedmann identified borrowings from Balthasar Hubmaier, reformer of Waldshut and Nikolsburg
, as well as borrowing from Sebastian Franck's Chronicle (1531).
When we take Zwingli at his word, the ecclesial model the radicals were proposing in 1523 fits exactly with the model established later by Hubmaier in Waldshut and Nikolsburg
, by Reublin and Brotli in Hallau, by Krusi in Tablat and proposed by Grebel for the peasants in Gruningen: a reformed, baptized, disciplined church of the majority, not coterminous with the citizenry of a territorial government, but nevertheless counting on support from the political authority.
317) Hubmaier's institutionalization of the Anabaptist ban, first in Waldshut and then in Nikolsburg
, was in the service of church discipline for a believers church (it was congregational) and it was to function in helping separate believers from sinful living.
By late summer all three had left the city, although Denck and Hut would return; Hubmaier continued on to Nikolsburg
in Moravia, where he would establish an Anabaptist church under the protection of the lords of Liechtenstein.