Mikulov (mĭˈko͝olôf), Ger. Nikolsburg, town, SE Czech Republic, in Moravia, near the Austrian border. Mikulov was the site in 1621 of the signing of a treaty between Emperor Ferdinand II and Gabriel Bethlen, who renounced his kingship of Hungary. Armistice agreements ending the Franco-Austrian War (1805) and the Austro-Prussian War (1866) were also signed at Mikulov.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Mikulov (Nikolsburg), Treaty of (1621)


a treaty between the Transylvanian prince Gabor Bethlen and the Hapsburg emperor Ferdinand II. Signed on December 31 (copies of the treaty exchanged on Jan. 6, 1622) in the city of Nikolsburg, now Mikulov, Czechoslovakia.

The treaty gave legal expression to the results of the successful campaign of Bethlen’s army against the Hapsburgs (begun in August 1619). According to the treaty, Ferdinand II conferred on Bethlen the title of duke of the Holy Roman Empire and the duchies of Oppeln (Opole) and Ratibor (RacibÓrz). Bethlen renounced his claims to the Hungarian throne and returned the crown and the lands of the Hungarian kingdom he then occupied, except for seven counties, which he was allowed to keep during his lifetime.


Archiv für Kunde österreichischer Geschichtsquellen, vol. 8. Vienna, 1852. Pages 3–36.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
The gallery is bringing four southern German panel paintings depicting scenes from the Passion of Christ, which date to around 1500 and have an illustrious provenance: the collection of Prince Alexander von Dietrichstein at Nikolsburg Castle in South Moravia (Fig.
The spread of Anabaptism in Moravia began in the early summer of 1526 with the arrival of the Anabaptist theologian Balthasar Hubmaier in Nikolsburg (Mikulov) and ended in September 1622 with the expulsion of Anabaptists from the country.
After linking Hutterite history to biblical history and that of the early church before its "fall" under Constantine the Great, the chronicler writes that the Brethren emerged from a series of schisms and relocations that began with a conflict in 1526 between a pacifist group led by Hans Hut of Bibra and a non-pacifist group founded by Balthasar Hubmaier in the town of Nikolsburg (Mikulov) in southern Moravia.
The first exclusively Jewish school for the deaf was founded by philanthropist Hirsch Kollisch in 1844 in Nikolsburg, Moravia.
They were dependent upon tolerant nobles prepared to give them a space in which to function; Gross mentions especially Johann von Liechtenstein, Lord of Nikolsburg (40) as an example of one such.
Nikolsburg in Moravia quickly became their centre; but divisions emerged over nonviolence and common ownership of goods.
The Old Testament covenant was that of "yesterday," which contained the promise of the New Testament covenant of "today."(7) When Hubmaier moved to Nikolsburg in Moravia in the summer of 1526 he became the leader of an Anabaptist magisterial Reformation committed to a literal interpretation of the New Testament, including the baptism of adult believers.
After Krautwald sent his negative appraisal (again, not preserved) to Nikolsburg, he received a substantial manuscript work in reply insisting on the necessity of Sabbath observance.
Hubmaier departed Zurich a broken man, and after a brief stay in Augsburg, he made his way to Nikolsburg in Moravia.