Nikolskii, Boris

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Nikol’skii, Boris Petrovich

 

Born Oct. 1 (14), 1900, in Menzelinsk, present-day Tatar ASSR. Soviet physical chemist and radiochemist; academician of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR (1968; corresponding member, 1953). Hero of Socialist Labor (1970).

Nikol’skii has worked at Leningrad University since his graduation in 1925 (he became a professor in 1939); since 1946 he has also been a laboratory head at the V. G. Khlopin Radium Institute. He studied the processes of ion exchange between aqueous solutions and various solid systems (soil, ion-exchange resins, and so on) and formulated a theory of such processes that is currently used in ion-exchange chromatography. Nikol’skii also proposed the ion-exchange theory of glass electrodes. He has been awarded the Lenin Prize (1961), the State Prize of the USSR (1949 and 1973), two Orders of Lenin, and several medals.

WORKS

Teoreticheskoe i prakticheskoe rukovodstvo k laboratomym rabotam po fizicheskoi khimii, parts 1–2. Leningrad, 1965–67. (Coauthor.)

REFERENCE

Zhurnal fizicheskoi khimii, 1971, vol. 45, fase. 3, pp. 489–500.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.