Nikopol


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Nikopol

(nēkô`pôl), town (1993 pop. 4,897), N Bulgaria, a port on the Danube River bordering Romania. Farming, viticulture, and fishing are the chief occupations. Founded in 629 by Byzantine emperor Heraclius, Nikopol (then Nicopolis) became a flourishing trade and cultural center of the second Bulgarian kingdom. In 1396 at Nikopol the Ottoman Turks under Beyazid I defeated an army of crusaders led by King Sigismund of Hungary (later Emperor SigismundSigismund
, 1368–1437, Holy Roman emperor (1433–37), German king (1410–37), king of Hungary (1387–1437) and of Bohemia (1419–37), elector of Brandenburg (1376–1415), son of Holy Roman Emperor Charles IV.
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). The Turkish victory removed the last serious obstacle to a Turkish advance on Christian Europe. However, when Timur defeated Beyazid (1402), Europe gained a respite. The Turks strongly fortified Nikopol, which was strategically important during the Russo-Turkish wars (18th–19th cent.), but the city later declined.

Nikopol

(nyĭkô`pəl), city (1989 pop. 158,000), SE Ukraine, on the Dnieper River. It is a rail terminus and the industrial center of one of the world's richest manganese-mining areas. The city has metallurgical plants, machine tool factories, and food-processing and brewing industries. Nikopol stands on the site of one of the earliest trade routes and strategic crossing points over the Dnieper. Manganese production at Nikopol became important in the 19th cent.

Nikopol’

 

a city under oblast jurisdiction in Dnepropetrovsk Oblast, Ukrainian SSR, located on the Dnieper River on the Kakhovka Reservoir. River port with a station on the Zapo-rozh’e-Krivoi Rog railroad line. Population, 137,000 (1973). Nikopol’ is a major manganese ore mining center. The Nikopol’ Southern Pipe Metallurgical Plant is located there. The city also produces steel alloys, construction and road-building equipment, boilers, machinery, and reinforced-concrete structural members. Other local industries include machine repair, clothing manufacture, and food processing.

The general engineering department of the Dnepropetrovsk Metallurgical Institute is located in Nikopol’, as well as technicums for metallurgy, water management, and agricultural mechanization. The city also has a school of medicine and a teacher-training school and a Museum of local lore. Nikopol’ arose on the site of the village of Nikitino, which became part of Novorossiia Province in 1774. The village was made a city in 1782.

References in periodicals archive ?
From there Kroeger sent an advance commando to Chortitza/part of the large area in the Dnieper bend, incorporating the cities of Dnepropetrovsk, Dnieperodserzinsk, Zaporozhia and Nikopol, in which they "processed," as these killer squads euphemistically characterized their work, all the Jews they could lay their hands on.
On the other hand, the removal of Timoshenko's government, which limited this redistribution activity and reinforced property rights, also resulted from state-business conflicts: first against Russian investors, controlling the oil refining industry in Ukraine (which induced the first public conflict between the president and the prime minister in summer 2005), and second against the owners of the Nikopol plant (which initiated the government crisis in September 2005).
Meanwhile, rebel leader Alcide Nikopol (Thomas Kretschmann) finds himself accidentally free from his airborne cryogenic prison and ends up as an involuntary human 'host' for the hawk-headed deity as the latter sets about seducing his female prey.
Some 40% of the nearby Bulgarian port city of Nikopol was under water, threatening to flood pumping stations and cut off fresh water.
Some 40 per cent of the nearby Bulgarian port city of Nikopol was under water, threatening to flood the pumping station and cut off fresh-water supplies.
Elma Turner Charlotte Rampling Nikopol Thomas Kretschmann Jill Linda Hardy John Frederic Pierrot Horus Thomas Pollard Froebe Yann Collette Kyle Allgood Joe Sheridan (English dialogue)
And the government has recently extended list of all companies due for privatisation during 2000, to include the Kherson refinery, the Druzhkivka machine plant, the Nikopol ferroalloy plant, the Kramatorsk metallurgical plant, and the Ternopil pharmaceuticals producer.
Evdokia Maneva and Romica Tomescu also agreed to establish a working party before December 15 to examine the causes of pollution affecting the Bulgarian city of Nikopol on the Danube from a chemical factory in Turna Magurele in Romania, and pollution from a cardboard factory in Svichtov, Bulgaria, affecting the Southern Romanian city of Zimnicea.
Through its exclusive contracts with Felman Production and other domestic and international ferroalloy manufactures including CC Metals & Alloys, LLC, Georgian Manganese, SC Feral SRL, Nikopol Ferroalloy Plant, Zaporozh'ye Ferroalloy Plant and Stakhanov Ferroalloy Plant, Felman Trading delivers ferroalloys to metallurgical consumers in North, Central, and South America.
The construction of the two new bridges Silistra a Calarasi and Nikopol a Turnu Magurele will start by 2017, according to Bulgariaas caretaker Transport Minister Nikolina Angelkova.
The new ferry line between Bulgaria and Romania at Nikopol-Turnu Magurele on the River Danube could be launched in October, once road infrastructure works on the Bulgarian side are completed at end September, Nikopol mayor Valerii Zhelyaskov said.