Nikos Kazantzakis


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Kazantzakis, Nikos

 

Born Feb. 18, 1883, in Herakleion, Crete; died Oct. 29, 1957, in Freiburg, Federal Republic of Germany. Greek writer.

Kazantzakis studied law at the University of Athens and at the Sorbonne. His first works were the novella The Serpent and the Lily (1906) and the plays The Dawn Glows (performed in 1907) and The Sacrifice (1910). Between 1925 and 1929, Kazantzakis visited the USSR three times, and he hailed the October Revolution in his books What I Saw in Russia (1928), Moscow Issued a Call (in French, 1931), and Toda Raba (in Greek, 1934). His dramas Nikifor Foka (1927), Christ (1928), Journeys (1928), Melissa (1939), and Julian and Buddha from the trilogy Prometheus (all published after 1945), as well as his long poem The Odyssey, were all critical of bourgeois morality and pessimistic in tone. His novels The Greek Passion (Swedish ed., 1950; Greek ed., 1954; Russian translation, 1962), The Last Temptation of Christ (Greek ed., 1955), and Captain Mihalis: Freedom or Death (1953) express Kazantzakis’ protest against bourgeois attitudes and religious hypocrisy. From 1947, he lived in France and the Federal Republic of Germany. In 1964, Kazantzakis’ novel Zorba the Greek (1946) was made into a film of the same name by M. Cacoyannis. Kazantzakis received the International Peace Prize in 1956.

WORKS

Érga. Athens, 1957–62.

REFERENCE

Brettákos, N. Nìkos Kazantzákes. Athens, 1960.

DIMITRIS SPATIS

References in periodicals archive ?
The Odyssey: a modern sequel is the most monumental work of Nikos Kazantzakis, and indeed, his greatest achievement.
Mysticism and Violence: The Case of Nikos Kazantzakis.
Whereas Washington Irving may have classically exoticized nineteenth-century Spain in his Tales of the Alhambra (1832), Richard Wright may have painted the portrait of a Pagan Spain (1957) beneath the Catholic veneer of Franco's dictatorship, and Gerald Brenan may have achieved a superb political reading of the aftermath of the Spanish Civil War in The Face of Spain (1951), Nikos Kazantzakis draws landscape and literature together in a decidedly philosophical approach.
These words by Greece's most illustrious 20th-century writer and philosopher, Nikos Kazantzakis, taken from his influential book The Saviours of God, published in the 1920s, are not what one would normally expect to guide the decisions of an art collector.
En literatura, Thomas Mann tuvo que escribir su propio Fausto para saldar cuentas con Goethe; Nikos Kazantzakis se embarco en una secuela de la Odisea y, a nivel simbolico, esto es lo que intenta toda vanguardia.
The most outrageous preachers relied on anti-Semitism--blaming Jewish studio heads for attacking Jesus--even though the movie was directed by a Roman Catholic, written by a Dutch Calvinist, and based on a novel by the Greek Orthodox writer Nikos Kazantzakis.
pounds 239DEPART Bi rmingham International on May 9 and spend a week half-board at the fourstar Sissi Bay Hotel at Nikos Kazantzakis in Crete.
Zorba the Greek is based on a novel written in 1946 by renowned Greek writer Nikos Kazantzakis, who also penned the controversial novel The Last Temptation (1951) that was adapted into a Martin Scorsese movie entitled The Last Temptation of Christ back in 1988.
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The protesters, who claim that Nikos Kazantzakis International Airport is too close to their homes and demand that it be moved further away from the city, hoisted 10 balloons about 10 metres wide.
Scorsese shouldn't have been surprised - when the original novel was published in 1955, author Nikos Kazantzakis was excommunicated from the Greek Orthodox Church.