Nikos Kazantzakis


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Kazantzakis, Nikos

 

Born Feb. 18, 1883, in Herakleion, Crete; died Oct. 29, 1957, in Freiburg, Federal Republic of Germany. Greek writer.

Kazantzakis studied law at the University of Athens and at the Sorbonne. His first works were the novella The Serpent and the Lily (1906) and the plays The Dawn Glows (performed in 1907) and The Sacrifice (1910). Between 1925 and 1929, Kazantzakis visited the USSR three times, and he hailed the October Revolution in his books What I Saw in Russia (1928), Moscow Issued a Call (in French, 1931), and Toda Raba (in Greek, 1934). His dramas Nikifor Foka (1927), Christ (1928), Journeys (1928), Melissa (1939), and Julian and Buddha from the trilogy Prometheus (all published after 1945), as well as his long poem The Odyssey, were all critical of bourgeois morality and pessimistic in tone. His novels The Greek Passion (Swedish ed., 1950; Greek ed., 1954; Russian translation, 1962), The Last Temptation of Christ (Greek ed., 1955), and Captain Mihalis: Freedom or Death (1953) express Kazantzakis’ protest against bourgeois attitudes and religious hypocrisy. From 1947, he lived in France and the Federal Republic of Germany. In 1964, Kazantzakis’ novel Zorba the Greek (1946) was made into a film of the same name by M. Cacoyannis. Kazantzakis received the International Peace Prize in 1956.

WORKS

Érga. Athens, 1957–62.

REFERENCE

Brettákos, N. Nìkos Kazantzákes. Athens, 1960.

DIMITRIS SPATIS

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Mysticism and Violence: The Case of Nikos Kazantzakis.
Whereas Washington Irving may have classically exoticized nineteenth-century Spain in his Tales of the Alhambra (1832), Richard Wright may have painted the portrait of a Pagan Spain (1957) beneath the Catholic veneer of Franco's dictatorship, and Gerald Brenan may have achieved a superb political reading of the aftermath of the Spanish Civil War in The Face of Spain (1951), Nikos Kazantzakis draws landscape and literature together in a decidedly philosophical approach.
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An organisation dedicated to promoting the works of Greek author and poet Nikos Kazantzakis has organised a series of events for 2002.
N Middleton's illuminating book on the Greek writer Nikos Kazantzakis belongs to this current trend.
To many, Quinn's Oscar-nominated characterisation of the Greek peasant Zorba from the Nikos Kazantzakis novel remained his most memorable role.
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Francis, God exacted compassion harshly: "Half of his putrescent nose had fallen away," Nikos Kazantzakis writes in God's Pauper, an imaginative retelling of St.
For 40 years of his life he also promoted the works of Greek writer and philosopher, Nikos Kazantzakis -- author of Zorba the Greek -- to which he held the copyright.