Nilgiri Hills

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Nilgiri Hills,

India: see GhatsGhats
[Hindi,=steps], two mountain ranges of S India, paralleling the coasts of the Arabian Sea and the Bay of Bengal and forming two sides of the Deccan plateau. Anai Mudi (8,841 ft/2,695 m) is the highest peak in the two ranges, which are joined by the Nilgiri Hills in the
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Nilgiri Hills


a mountain massif in India on the southern Hindustan Peninsula, at the junction of the Western and Eastern Ghats. There are elevations to 2,633 m (Mount Dodabetta). The Nilgiri Hills, which are composed of gneisses, porphyries, and crystalline schists, have a plateau-like peak and steep slopes cut by gorges. Tall-grass meadows with patches of evergreen tropical forests and elfin woodlands are common. There are eucalyptus groves and tea and coffee plantations. Mountain resorts, such as Dotacamund and Coonoor, are situated on the massif.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.