Nima Yushij

Nima Yushij


(pen name of Ali Isfandiari). Born 1897 in Yush, Mazanderan; died Jan. 6, 1960, in Tehran. Iranian poet and literary and art critic.

Nima Yushij studied at the French Collège de St. Louis in Tehran. From 1938 to 1941 he edited the journal Musiqi. He headed the Sher-e nou (New Poetry) school. Nima Yushij wrote lyric poetry and the narrative poems Tale (1921), Poem About the Faded (1921), A Soldier’s Family (1925), and Manili (1957).

Nima Yushij’s poetry contains elements of symbolism, but it is close to reality and deals with important social issues. He combined the devices of aruz with free rhythm, thereby promoting the revival of the national poetic form. Nima Yushij expressed his views on aesthetics in Two Letters (1946) and The Meaning of Feelings (1956).


Afsanah va rubaiyat. Tehran, A.H. 1339 (A.D. 1960).


Zhale Badi. “Nima Iushidzh: Otets novoi poezii v Irane.” In Problemy teorii literatury i estetiki v stranakh Vostoka, Moscow, 1964.
Kor-Ogly, Kh. Sovremennaia persidskaia literatura. Moscow, 1965.


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"Walt Whitman's and Nima Yushij's Literary Innovations: A Study in Comparative Poetics." Ph.D.
These early-twentieth-century writers paved the way for later poets and writers who would directly or indirectly confront the government, religious orthodoxy, or even literary conventions, including poets like Nima Yushij, who broke from classical poetry, and Forugh Farrokhzad, who challenged the supremacy of male writers.
The Durham exhibition, called The Poetry Inspired Years, features some illustrations by Hassan, who produces a range of art and also teaches, which have been inspired by the late Iranian poet Nima Yushij, said to have been the father of Persian modern poetry.
And it will include a display of works from modern poets and writers, including Sadegh Hedayat, Nima Yushij, Forough Farokhzad and Sohrab Sepehri.
Modern Persian poetry was revolutionised in the last century by Nima Yushij, who died in 1960.
And it is this aspect of Eshqi's work that was recognized and developed by Nima Yushij, who is generally credited with changing in a revolutionary way Persian poetry and inaugurating what is called "New Poetry" in Iran.
Among the examples he will be bringing over to Durham will be illustrations inspired by late Iranian poet Nima Yushij, who is said to have been the father of modern Persian poetry.
The conventional explanation of how modern Persian poetry developed has been that in 1921 'Ali Esfandiari (1895-1960), calling himself Nima Yushij, published a long poem entitled "Afsana," which violated many of the conventions of classical poetry, and thereby introduced modern poetry into Persian culture.

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