Nippur


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Nippur

(nĭpo͝or`), ancient city of Babylonia, a N Sumerian settlement on the Euphrates. It was the seat of the important cult of the god Enlil, or Bel. Excavations at Nippur have yielded the remains of several temples that date from the middle of the 3d millennium B.C. and were later rebuilt and restored many times. Over 40,000 clay tablets found there serve as a primary source of information on Sumerian civilization. Assurbanipal erected a ziggurat in Nippur. Relics of the Persian and Parthian periods have also been unearthed at the site.

Nippur

 

(now Niffer or Nuffar), an ancient Sumerian city, northeast of modern Diwaniyah, Iraq; center of the Sumerian tribal union and seat of worship of the supreme god Enlil.

Seized by Babylonia in the 18th century B.C., Nippur later was granted autonomy. Archaeological excavations of Nippur in the middle and late 19th century permitted the partial restoration of the ancient city’s layout and architectural monuments. A canal, which is now dry, passed through the center of the city. A temple to Enlil called E-kur (The House of the Mountain) stood with a ziggurat on a hill in the northeast; both structures were rebuilt in the period from the third millennium to the end of the first millennium B.C. The most important buildings were those of the rulers Naram-Sin and Sharkalishari (second half of the third millennium B.C.), Ur-Nammu (end of the third millennium B.C.), and Ashurbanipal (seventh century B.C.). A large number of cuneiform tablets, which are presumed to have been school archives, have been found in Nippur. Most of the tablets are Sumerian literary texts, evidently copies made in the 19th and 18th centuries B.C. (the Nippur Canon texts). Also of great interest are the records of the commercial and money-lending house of Murashu (sixth century B.C.).

Nippur

an ancient Sumerian and Babylonian city, the excavated site of which is in SE Iraq: an important religious centre, abandoned in the 12th or 13th century
References in periodicals archive ?
Photograph of the excavation of the Temple enclosure at Nippur, viewed from the top of Ziggurat, taken by John Henry Haynes, 15 August 1899
Quantifier et calculer: usages des nombres a Nippur.
Before the Al-Yahudu archive there was the Murasu archive from Nippur, containing some Judean names, but nothing like the extensive documentation provided by the Al-Yahudu archive.
C the ancient tablet was discovered in the late 1880's in Nippur, an ancient city of Mesopotamia that is now Iraq.
Life at the bottom of Babylonian society; servile laborers at Nippur in the 14th and 13th centuries, B.
In so doing, they illuminated three major themes: arithmetic exploiting a notation of numbers based entirely on two basic symbols; the scribal schools of Nippur, which was the most prestigious center of scribal education; and advanced mathematical training.
The Penn Museum exhibition, which runs through June, concentrates on the late 1800s excavation of the ancient city of Nippur, today in Iraq, which resulted in the discovery of nearly 30,000 cuneiform tables that provided valuable information about the ancient civilizations in this region.
A cuneiform tablet dating to 4,000 years ago from Nippur, an ancient Sumerian city, includes instructions for performing music on string instruments and suggests people had a sophisticated idea of octaves more than 4,000 years ago.
Sobre la notacion posicional se tiene evidencia a traves de las tablillas de Nippur que en la antigua Babilonia trabajaron con el sistema de base veinte o vigesimal, pero no tenian un simbolo para el cero (Calderon, H.
Regarding texts written later on clay tablets, some survive from families of note and means such as the Murashu archive from Nippur (454-404 B.
It was in this context that the University of Pennsylvania began excavations at Nippur in 1888 and the University of Chicago began work at Bismaya in 1904, after several unsuccessful attempts to begin a project at the better known site of Ur.