Nisa


Also found in: Acronyms, Wikipedia.

Nisa,

rivers: see NeisseNeisse
, two rivers of SW Poland. The Glatzer Neisse , Pol. Nysa Kłodzka, c.120 mi (190 km) long, rises in the Sudetes, SW Poland, and winds generally NE past Kłodzko to the Oder River near Brzeg.
..... Click the link for more information.
, rivers of Poland.

Nisa

 

an ancient and medieval city, the ruins of which are 18 km northwest of Ashkhabad. From the third century B.C. to the third century A.D., Nisa consisted of the city proper (the site of the fortified town New Nisa, approximately 18 hectares) and a fortified royal residence (the site of the fortified town Old Nisa, ancient name Mithradatkirt, approximately 14 hectares).

Systematic excavations from 1946 to 1960, directed by M. E. Masson, uncovered important materials on the history and culture of the Parthian kingdom. Excavations in Old and New Nisa have turned up remains of fortress walls, temples, a palace room with monumental clay sculpture, and dwellings and outbuildings. They also uncovered what was evidently a royal treasury, containing marble statues, cultic ivory rhytons with relief decoration, ornaments, small terra-cotta and metal art objects, toreutic work, weapons, and utensils. The finds are characteristic of the Parthian culture from the third to first centuries B.C. and show a strong Hellenistic influence. Agricultural records—mainly inventories of winery products—from the first century B.C. have also been found; these are written in the Aramaic alphabet in the Parthian language.

With the fall of the Parthian kingdom in the first third of the third century A.D., Nisa fell into decline. It rose to prominence again in the second half of the fifth century. As a feudal city, it flourished in the 11th and 12th centuries, when it was an important center of Khorasan. The beginning of its final decline was in the 16th century, and by the 1820’s the city was in ruins. Archaeological excavations also uncovered a number of examples of art from the feudal period.

REFERENCES

Trudy Iuzhno-Turkmenistanskoi arkheologicheskoi kompleksnoi ekspeditsii, vols. 1–2, 4, 6. Ashkhabad, 1949–58.
Koshelenko, G. A. Kul’tura Parfii Moscow, 1966.
Pugachenkova, G. A. Iskusstvo Turkmenistana. Moscow, 1967.

V. M. MASSON

References in periodicals archive ?
A Nisa spokeswoman said the plan was to start to install more checkouts as and when retailers wanted them.
Viqarun Nisa said the Standard Operating Procedures had been drafted for the referral of the cases of sexual abuse against children to CPRC, adding that the same would be notified soon.
NISA Investment Advisors manages assets for some of the largest institutional investors in the US.
It follows Co-op's acquisition in 2017 of convenience store network Nisa, which formally completed in May of last year and has seen Co-op products appear in the shops.
Co-operative goods are now found in stores in the Nisa chain
Asked about how she came to present her work to the prime minister, Nisa starts narrating the long tale which culminated into the meeting in Islamabad.
The Flow Illumination digital tracking solution delivered Nisa data and intelligence on the movement of pallets which enabled them to improve processes and reduce costs and inefficiencies.
We have always taken part in the community activities and as a part of the Nisa family we are taking this opportunity to make a difference locally with a donation to our closest community centre in Canley.
The National Stone, Sand and Gravel Association (NSSGA) announced an agreement with the National Industrial Sand Association (NISA) to create a new Industrial Sand Division (ISD) of NSSGA.
Chicken breast fillets at Nisa have been withdrawn from sale because of an incorrect use by date on the packaging and anyone who bought a pack should urgently return it.
Zaibun Nisa, the widow of Gul Khan, told local media in Shabqadar on Tuesday that she had been forcibly married to Akbar Khan at a very young age, and that she was the daughter of a prayer leader in the Baffa area of Mansehra.