Nishida Kitaro


Also found in: Wikipedia.

Nishida Kitaro

 

Born Apr. 19, 1870, near Kanazawa; died July 7, 1945, in Kamakura. Japanese idealist philosopher. Founder of the Kyoto, or Nishida-Tanabe, school of philosophy. Professor at the University of Kyoto (1913–28).

Nishida developed his philosophical system in the late 1920’s and early 1930’s. His most important works of this period include A Self-conscious System of the Universal (1929), Determination of Nonbeing in Self-consciousness (1931), and The Fundamental Question in Philosophy (1933). Nishida sought to demonstrate the principal difference between Eastern and Western philosophy. He saw the uniqueness of Eastern culture in its inherent idea of nonbeing. Proceeding from the standpoint of Zen Buddhism, he sought to interpret nonbeing as a concept of an all-encompassing universe that, “being everything, is itself nothing,” “acts without one who acts,” and “defines without one who defines.”

Despite Nishida’s attempt to treat his philosophy as “genuinely Eastern” and as an outgrowth of Buddhist teachings, his views are essentially quite similar to Western European idealist philosophy, particularly existentialism. According to Nishida’s fundamental philosophical concept, which he called anti-intellectual, true being is attained intuitively, as the result of a particular “way of viewing things,” or a “way of perceiving oneself,” that supposedly makes it possible to overcome the opposition of the objective and the subjective.

Nishida viewed social development as a result of the interaction of the universal—nonbeing—and the particular—human individuals—the genuine relationship of which is expressed in the communication between “I” and “Thou.”

WORKS

Zenshu [Complete Works], vols. 1–18. Tokyo, 1947–53.

REFERENCES

Kozlovskii, Iu. B. “Kontseptsiia vostochnoi kul’tury Nisida Kitaro.” Vestnik istorii mirovoi kul’tury, 1961, no. 2.
Kozlovskii, Iu. B. “Rasprostranenie ekzistentsializma v Iaponii.” In Sovremennyi ekzistentsializm. Moscow, 1966.
Tosaka, Jun. Senshu, Dairokukan [Selected Works], 6th ed. Tokyo, 1948.
Koyama, Iwao. Nishida Tetsugaku [Philosophy of Nishida]. Tokyo, 1955.
Nagao, Michitaka. Nishida Tetsugaku no Kaishaku [Commentaries on the Philosophy of Nishida]. Tokyo, 1960.

IU. B. KOZLOVSKII

Mentioned in ?
References in periodicals archive ?
12) Kitaro Nishida, Nishida kitaro zenshu (Tokyo: Iwanami Shoten, 1988), 8:506.
In his paper, Oshima proposes a new way to understanding "the world" in light of Japanese philosopher Nishida Kitaro.
In this book, Robert Carter, Professor Emeritus of Philosophy at Trent University in Canada, introduces the works of four major Japanese philosophers: Nishida Kitaro, Tanabe Hajime, Nishitani Keiji, and Watsuji Tetsuro.
De la experiencia pura a la voluntad absoluta La etica de Nishida Kitaro entre 1892 y 1927
The philosophy of Nishida Kitaro contains interesting parallels with Castoriadis.
Bashoteki Ronri to Shukyoteki Sekaikan (The Logic of the Place of Nothingness and the Religious World View) " in Nishida Kitaro Zenshu 11 (The Complete Works of Kitaro Nishida Vol.
His influential writings fluidly moved from the ideas of thinkers such as Foucault--who was enormously popular in Japanese intellectual circles by 1970--to those of the Kyoto School philosopher Nishida Kitaro, whose reflections on the notions of self and place resonated profoundly for Lee, a Korean-born artist living in Japan, where frequent discrimination against Koreans served as a troubling reminder of an unresolved history of colonization.
In the next essay, Gereon Kopf proposes that the works of Nishida Kitaro, the founder of the Kyoto School of Buddhism, make a particularly excellent undergraduate introduction to Japanese thought and culture.
of Nottingham, UK) describes his intellectual development, primarily through the lens of his official autobiography, examining the influence of Nishida Kitaro and Europeans such as Martin Heidegger, Blaise Pascal, and Soren Kierkegaard, as well as the shifts in his thinking in his later life, which she argues represent more continuity than discontinuity.
Robert Wilkinson writes on aspects of the Japanese philosopher Nishida Kitaro drawing from it some general lesson (?
Jacinto Zavala, Agustin, Tradicion y mundo historico en la filosofia de Nishida Kitaro, 1930-1945, Zamora, El Colegio de Michoacan, 2004.
The main line of thinking of the School's founder, Nishida Kitaro, follows a 'logic of contradictory self-identity .