Authors like Einhard, Nithard
, Thegan, Astronomer, who showed the most of personal commentary on the history of the Frankish kingdom, sought to convey their vision of the contemporary Frankish events by means of historical treatises (MCKITTERICK 2004, p.
To this he adds an analysis of the rivalries that existed between Louis the Pious (778-840), Lothar I (795-855), and Charles "the Bald" (823-877), as in De institutione laicali found in Nithard
This was obviously true for Einhard (discussed by David Ganz), but equally so for Nithard
(discussed by Stuart Airlie) and even Dhuoda (discussed by Janet Nelson), who expected her son to show her handbook to others.
Ninth-century Carolingians were acquainted with the rituals of knighthood ("Ninth-Century Knighthood: The Evidence of Nithard
"), used rituals in settling disputes ("Dispute Settlement in Carolingian West Francia"), and developed new rituals of king-making ("The Lord's Anointed and the People's Choice: Carolingian Royal Ritual").
Nelson, `Public Histories and Private History in the Work of Nithard
', in her Politics and Ritual in Early Medieval Europe (Woodbridge, 1986), esp.
The articles in fact range more widely than this suggests: literacy in government; dispute settlement; ecclesiastical wealth and poverty; the Coulaines capitulary; Frankish historiography; Louis the Pious' last years; Charles the Bald and sovereignty; royal ritual; imperial models for the Franks; Nithard
and knighthood; women at Charlemagne's court; early medieval women historians; end `women and the word' (where `word' has both its Christian and its usual sense).