Nitra


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Nitra

(nyĭ`trä), Ger. Neutra, Hung. Nyitra, city (1991 pop. 89,969), W Slovakia, on the Nitra River, a tributary of the Danube. It is an agricultural market center and has extensive food-processing industries. Dating from Roman times, Nitra was important from the 9th cent. onward as a religious center and fortress. It became a free city by royal decree in 1248 and was made a Roman Catholic bishopric in 1288. Nitra's bishopric church and a castle (founded c.830) are the oldest structures in Slovakia. The city also has an agricultural college.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Nitra

 

a city on the Nitra River in Czechoslovakia, in West Slovakia, the Slovak Socialist Republic. Population, 47,000 (1971). Industries include food processing and machine building.

Nitra is one of Slovakia’s most ancient cities. In the early Iron Age (800–500 B.C.), a large settlement surrounded by ramparts existed on the site of the modern city. With the arrival in the sixth and seventh centuries of the Slavs in the vicinity of the Danube, Nitra became an important political and cultural center of Slovakia. In the ninth century it was the capital of the Nitra Principality; the oldest church was built, and the first church diocese appeared. At this time, Nitra consisted of two large fortifications surrounded by double ramparts and by palisades. In the early tenth century, after the Magyar invasion, the city of Nitra became a separate principality. After liberation from the Magyars in the 13th century and restoration of the diocese, Nitra was for a long time a diocesan possession. Systematic excavations have been conducted since 1949.

REFERENCE

Nitra. Nitra, 1960.

Nitra

 

a river in Czechoslovakia, a left tributary of the Váh River of the Danube River basin. The Nitra is 242 km long and drains an area of 5,200 sq km. It rises on the southern slopes of the Malá Fatra Mountains of the Western Carpathians, and the lower course flows across the Central Danubian Plain. The mean flow rate in the lower course is approximately 25 cu m per sec. High water occurs in spring; the water is at its lowest level in summer. The river is used for floating timber. The city of Nitra is situated on the Nitra.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Mr Speth added: "Today's opening of our next generation manufacturing plant in Nitra, Slovakia represents the start of a new era in manufacturing for Jaguar Land Rover.
Jaguar Land Rover's investment in Nitra will amount to [euro]1.4 billion, while the government provided aid of nearly [euro]130 million, TASR wrote.
In NITRA, [phi] is fixed for every block and hence it will be sufficient to transmit [phi] only once to the receiver thus consuming less memory.
Nitra bosses have been in talks with Moravcik to get him to come back, if not as a player, then in a coaching role.
August 10 will be even hotter, with second-level warnings being issued for the southern districts of the Bratislava, Trnava and Nitra Regions, where the temperature may be as high as 35 degrees Celsius, and first-level warnings for districts in the Banska Bystrica, Trenin and Kosice Regions, where the temperature may be as high as 35 degrees Celsius.
NITRA, under the supervision of the Nigerian Union of Journalists, is an umbrella body for journalists reporting information and communications technology in Nigeria.
In fiscal year 2007, annual production capacity of BRAVIA LCD TVs manufactured in Slovakia - both in Trnava and Nitra - amounted to two million sets.
The 38-year-old told said: "As an impulse for reviving football in Nitra and as a motivation for players and the public it's not necessarily a bad idea."
The Slovak Hydrometeorological Institute (SHMaS) has thus issued first-level warnings in a number of districts in the west of Slovakia for July 24 and 25, and even a second-level warning for some districts on July 26.On July 24, the temperature is expected to rise to 33 degrees Celsius between 14:00 and 18:00 in the entire Bratislava Region and southern districts of Trnava, Nitra and even the Banska Bystrica Region.The temperature should climb to 34 degrees Celsius the following day, which is why SHMaS issued the first-level warning for the same districts.
We were both born in Nitra and both played for Plastika Nitra.