Nitraria

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Nitraria

 

a genus of halophilic of the family Nitrariaceae (previously assigned to the family Zygophyllaceae). The sometimes thorny shrubs have alternate and entire fleshy leaves. The flowers, which are gathered in loose cymose inflorescences, are bisexual, pentamerous, and yellowish or white. The fruit is drupaceous and usually juicy. There are about ten species of Nitraria, distributed in Eurasia (in Europe, only in the southeast), northern Africa, and Australia. The USSR has four species. N. schoberi grows primarily in deserts and semideserts; it sometimes grows on salinated soils in steppes, forming pure thickets in some places. The fruits serve as feed for animals, including birds; they are sometimes used as human food. The ashes contain potash.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
These agreements provide for the valorisation of the Nitraria Retusa plant, the Tunisian olive oil and the identification of its properties according to regions, the Hamada Scoparia plant and the prickly bear.
The Garden is missing only two plants that are mentioned in the Holy Quran: Al Zaqqum, a tree that grows in Hell; and Al Gharqad (Nitraria), 'the tree of the Jews', which grows only in Palestine.C1/4
The garden is said to be missing two plants that are mentioned in the Holy Quran -- one being Al Zaqqum, a tree that grows in Hell, and the other Al Gharqad (Nitraria), 'the tree of the Jews', which grows only in Palestine.
Effect of salt stress on growth, water relations, solute composition and photosynthetic capacity of hero-halophyte Nitraria retusa L.
Poupon, "Biosynthesis and biomimetic synthesis of alkaloids isolated from plants of the Nitraria and Myrioneuron genera: an unusual lysine-based metabolism," Natural Product Reports, vol.
Exogenous [H.sub.2][O.sub.2] may increase the proline content in Nitraria tangutorum, which could be alleviated by [H.sub.2][O.sub.2] scavengers [48].
Thus dry hay yield per plant, and crude protein (CP), neutral detergent fiber (NDF), acid detergent fiber (ADF), acid detergent lignin (ADL), dry matter digestibility (DMD), digestible energy (DE) and metabolizable energy (ME) of Salicornia europaea, Salsola dendroides, Salsola nitraria, Salsola oppositifolia, Suaeda microphylla, Suaeda altissima, Petrosimonia brachiata and Alhagi pseudalhagi in early vegetative and seed maturity stage were investigated in this study.
These sites in the wilderness were all at shrub-coppice dunes, which mainly consisted of drought resistant eremophytes such as Tamarix chinensis, Haloxylon ammodendron, Nitraria sibirica, and Calligonum mongolicum.
Mey.) Bunge, Calligonum mongolicum Turcz., Tamarix chinensis Lour., Nitraria sphaerocarpa Maxim, and Reaumuria soongorica (Pall.) Maxim.
The scientific importance of the region is given not only by the muddy volcanoes, but also by the presence of endemic* shrub (Nitraria schoberi--discovered here by D.