Nitrofurans


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Related to Nitrofurans: chloramphenicol, nitrofurantoin, Quinolones

Nitrofurans

 

derivatives of furan in which a hydrogen atom is replaced by a nitro group. Nitrofurans have a broad spectrum of antimicrobial action, which is based on their capacity to inhibit respiration of the microbial cell. In surgery, nitrofurans are used for treatment of wounds and for prophylaxis of postoperative complications (Nitrofurazone); in obstetrics, gynecology, and urology they are used for treatment of infectious diseases (Furadonine and Furazolidone). They are also used for treatment of giardiasis and trichomoniasis (Furazolidone).

References in periodicals archive ?
April 16 - The European Commission has confirmed it is considering imposing emergency measures on shellfish imports from India following repeated cases of contamination of shrimp and other aquaculture products with residues of the banned antibiotic nitrofuran.
Fluoroquinolones were used most often for UTIs by family physicians, internists, and emergency physicians, and nitrofurans by ob.
Fluoroquinolones were used most often for UTIs by family practitioners, internists, and emergency physicians, and nitrofurans by ob.
Traces of nitrofuran, a banned veterinary medicine, were found in batches of fresh chicken sold by Tesco, Waitrose and Morrisons.
It is illegal under EU law to use nitrofurans because of the cancer risk, but the danger from one meal of it is considered low.
Failures occurred most commonly with nitrofurans (23% of all failures), sulfonamides (21%), fluoroquinolones (17%), cephalosporins (15%), and macrolides (14%).
The move came after two samples of Brazilian poultry shipped to Northern Ireland were found to contain traces of nitrofurans.
The company said it was seeking written assurances that Far East suppliers would not use the antibiotics -- called nitrofurans -- discovered in the fish.
Lyons Seafoods said its Freshwater King Prawns and Premium Quality Raw Freshwater Prawns contain the banned chemical nitrofurans.
When the prawns were routinely tested by the Food Standards Authority in Northern Ireland, 16 out of 84 samples proved positive for nitrofurans.
Drugs most commonly administered to animals are penicillins, sulfas, tetracyclines or nitrofurans.