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Nivernais(nēvĕrnā`), region and former province, central France. It roughly coincides with Nièvre dept. Drained by the Loire and the Yonne, it is a hilly plateau, rising to the Morvan Mts. in the east. It has metallurgical, chemical, and livestock industries. Nevers is its chief town and historic capital. A county after the 10th cent., it passed (1384) through inheritance to Philip the Bold of Burgundy, and later, as a duchy, passed (1565) through a complicated succession to the house of GonzagaGonzaga
, Italian princely house that ruled Mantua (1328–1708), Montferrat (1536–1708), and Guastalla (1539–1746). The family name is derived from the castle of Gonzaga, a village near Mantua.
..... Click the link for more information. . Cardinal Mazarin bought (1659) the title, which remained with his family even after Louis XIV incorporated (1669) Nivernais into the royal domain.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.
a historical region of central France, located along the right bank of the middle course of the Loire River. Nivernais is part of the department of Niévre.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
a former province of central France, around Nevers
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005