Nizam al-Mulk


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Khwaja Nizam al-Mulk Tusi
BirthplaceTus, Iran

Nizam al-Mulk

(nĭz`əm äl mûlk), c.1018–92, vizier (1063–92) under two Seljuk (see TurksTurks,
term applied in its wider meaning to the Turkic-speaking peoples of Turkey, Russia, Central Asia, Xinjiang in China (Chinese Turkistan), Azerbaijan and the Caucasus, Iran, and Afghanistan.
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) sultans. Of Persian descent, he was early educated in administration, serving the Ghaznavids sultans. By 1059 he was chief administrator of Khorasan; in 1063 the Seljuks made him their vizier. Nizam al-Mulk remained in that position throughout the reigns of Alp ArslanAlp Arslan
, 1029–72, Seljuk sultan of Persia (1063–72). In 1065 he led the Seljuks in an invasion of Armenia and Georgia and in 1066 attacked the Byzantine Empire. The success of his campaign was crowned (1071) by his brilliant victory over Romanus IV at Manzikert.
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 and MalikshahMalikshah
, 1055–92, third sultan of the Seljuks (see Turks). In 1072 he succeeded his father to head an empire that controlled parts of Arabia, Mesopotamia, and areas near the Persian Gulf. His rule was aided by the powerful vizier, Nizam al-Mulk.
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. His power peaked under the latter, when he wrote the extensive treatise entitled Siyasat-nameh, or "Book of Government." A devout SunniSunni
[Arab. Sunna,=tradition], from ahl al-sunnah wa-l-jamaa [Arab.,=the people of the custom of the Prophet and community], the largest division of Islam. Sunni Islam is the heir to the early central Islamic state, in its ackowledgement of the legitimacy of the order of
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 Muslim, Nizam al-Mulk also founded a number of theological schools. He was assassinated in 1092.

Nizam Al-Mulk

 

(personal name, Abu Ali Hasan ibn Ali). Born 1017, near Tus, Khorasan Province; died Oct. 14, 1092, near Nehavand. Statesman of the Seljuk state.

Son of a small-scale landowner, Nizam al-Mulk became vizier to Alp Arslan in 1063 and to Malik Shah in 1072. He supported strong central authority and expounded his views in Siyasatnama (On the History and Art of Government). Several editions of the Persian text of this work exist, along with French, Russian, German, and English translations. Nizam al-Mulk was murdered by the Ismailians.

WORKS

Siaset-name: Kniga opravlenii vezira XI stoletiia Nizam al-Mul’ka. Moscow-Leningrad, 1949. (Translation, introduction, and notes by B. N. Zakhoder.)
References in periodicals archive ?
In 499/1106, Nizam al-Mulk's son, Fakhr al-Mulk, requested that he accept a teaching position at his old school, the Nizamiyya of Nishapur.
Se atribuye como acto inaugural de la secta el 14 de octubre de 1092--dos anos despues de su fundacion--, al dramatico asesinato del mismisimo visir y erudito del Imperio Selyucida, cuyo nombre basta para evocar su obra, Nizam al-Mulk, <<Orden del Universo>>; como consecuencia de este asesinato, el Imperio decapitado jamas volvio a ser el mismo, y esto marco el principio de su fin.
Professor Antony Black, a specialist in Islamic political thought, notes that Nizam al-Mulk, a pious Muslim with Sufi leanings, "played a formative part in the establishment of judicial, fiscal and administrative structures which remained operative in Persia down to the nineteenth century".
This interpretation receives considerable support in Nizam al-Mulk's report of Sunbadh's claim to have found the end of the Arabs' reign foretold in one of "the books of the Sasanids." (54)
The match-up between Iranian Supreme Leader Ali Khamenei and Obama is not a battle between equals, but rather a historical grudge match between Nizam al-Mulk, the eleventh century Persian Machiavelli, and Neville Chamberlain or Jimmy Carter.
The latter works were produced earlier and in quite different socio-political circumstances than even, say, those of Nizam al-Mulk and Abu Nasr al-Utbi (both eleventh century).
Later, numerous madrasas were established across the Muslim world by the great Seljuk vizier, Nizam al-Mulk. At a madrasa, students would be educated further in religious sciences, Arabic, and secular studies such as medicine, mathematics, astronomy, history, and geography, among many other topics.
ySTANBUL (CyHAN)- In my previous article, I extracted pieces of advice for today's leaders from "Siyasatnama" (The Book of Government), a book by Nizam al-Mulk, who has a very important place in the Turkish statehood tradition.
To bolster Mughal rule, and to foster a strong centralized state that could withstand centrifugal challenges, Aurangzeb's historians wrote of converting Hindus and eradicating heresy, much in the same way as Nizam al-Mulk encouraged the Seljuq sultan never to trust Shi'is while he himself had married his daughter to one, or advised him against people of bad religion while implementing numerous policies of non-partisanship in the empire.
Who can say these golden pieces of advice Nizam al-Mulk gave to the sultan nine centuries ago are not needed by today's leaders?
The religious policy of the early Seljuq empire is characterized in just one sentence which says simply that many schools were opened under the reign of Nizam al-Mulk and Alp Arslan (p.
Carole Hillenbrand ("The Saljuq-Isma ili Power Struggle") points out that, contrary to the popular view of the Saljuqs as dedicated upholders of Sunnism and of the Isma ilis as a constant threat to order and the true faith, the period of most intense conflict, marked by the greatest number of assassinations of political figures by Isma ilis, was a very short one, between 488/1095 and 493/1100, and peaking around 490/1097 - in other words, at that "moment of extreme disarray and weakness on the Saljuq side" which followed the removal and subsequent assassination of Nizam al-Mulk and the death of Malikshah, during which Hasan-i Sabbah was consolidating his power in the western Saljuq domains.