Nizam al-Mulk

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Khwaja Nizam al-Mulk Tusi
BirthplaceTus, Iran

Nizam al-Mulk

Nizam al-Mulk (nĭzˈəm äl mûlk), c.1018–92, vizier (1063–92) under two Seljuk (see Turks) sultans. Of Persian descent, he was early educated in administration, serving the Ghaznavids sultans. By 1059 he was chief administrator of Khorasan; in 1063 the Seljuks made him their vizier. Nizam al-Mulk remained in that position throughout the reigns of Alp Arslan and Malikshah. His power peaked under the latter, when he wrote the extensive treatise entitled Siyasat-nameh, or “Book of Government.” A devout Sunni Muslim, Nizam al-Mulk also founded a number of theological schools. He was assassinated in 1092.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Nizam Al-Mulk

 

(personal name, Abu Ali Hasan ibn Ali). Born 1017, near Tus, Khorasan Province; died Oct. 14, 1092, near Nehavand. Statesman of the Seljuk state.

Son of a small-scale landowner, Nizam al-Mulk became vizier to Alp Arslan in 1063 and to Malik Shah in 1072. He supported strong central authority and expounded his views in Siyasatnama (On the History and Art of Government). Several editions of the Persian text of this work exist, along with French, Russian, German, and English translations. Nizam al-Mulk was murdered by the Ismailians.

WORKS

Siaset-name: Kniga opravlenii vezira XI stoletiia Nizam al-Mul’ka. Moscow-Leningrad, 1949. (Translation, introduction, and notes by B. N. Zakhoder.)
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.