Nizam-I Cedid

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Nizam-I Cedid

 

(Turkish-Arabic, “new order”), the reform of military affairs and the reorganization of the feudal military system, the tax system, and so forth carried out in Turkey during the late 18th and early 19th centuries under Sultan Selim III in order to combat feudal anarchy, create an absolute monarchy, and narrow the gap between the Ottoman state and the European powers.

The new army, organized on the European model and intended to replace the janissaries, was also called Nizam-i cedid. Inconsistent implementation of the reforms and reaction from important separatist feudal lords, the ulama, and the janissaries led to a mutiny in Istanbul in 1807, which put an end to both the Nizam-i cedid and the reign of Selim III.

REFERENCE

Miller, A. F. Mustafa pasha Bairaktar: Ottomanskaia imperiia v nach. 19v. Moscow-Leningrad, 1947.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.