Nizhny Novgorod

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Nizhny Novgorod

(nyēsh`nyī nôf`gərəd), formerly




city (1989 pop. 1,438,000), capital of Nizhny Novgorod region and the administrative center of the Volga federal district, E European Russia, on the Volga and Oka rivers. A major river port and a rail and air center, it is one of the chief industrial cities of Russia. Heavy machinery, steel, chemicals, and textiles are produced. The city is the site of one of the largest automobile factories in Russia. Nizhny Novgorod stretches along the Volga and Oka rivers and is surrounded by large satellite towns such as Bakna Bor, Pravinsk, and Kstovo. In 1221 a prince of Vladimir founded the city as a frontier post against the Volga Bulgars and Mordovians. It became a major trading point for Russia and the East. In 1350 it became the capital of the Suzdal–Nizhny Novgorod principality and was annexed in 1392 by Moscow. From 1608 to 1612 the city was the rallying point for the Russian army that defeated the Polish, Lithuanian, and Cossack armies. Nizhny Novgorod was famous for its annual trade fairs, held from 1817 to 1930, except during the Bolshevik Revolution and the civil war. Its turreted stone kremlin dates from the 13th cent. There are two 13th-century churches, a palace (1625–31), the Uspensky church (1672–74), and the Stroganov and Christmas churches (late 17th-early 18th cent.). The university was founded in 1918. Nizhny Novgorod was named Gorky from 1932 to 1991 for Maxim GorkyGorky, Maxim or Maksim
[Rus.,=Maxim the Bitter], pseud. of Aleksey Maximovich Pyeshkov,
1868–1936, Russian writer, b. Nizhny Novgorod (named Gorky, 1932–91).
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, who was born there.

Nizhny Novgorod


the former name (until 1932) of the city of Gorky, the administrative center of Gorky Oblast, RSFSR. 17–1783–2]

References in periodicals archive ?
The addition of Novosibirsk and Nizhniy Novgorod to our network is an important milestone for flydubai's operations in Russia and brings the total number of destinations we serve in the country to 10.
Corresponding Author: Petukhov Alexander Yur'evich, NI Lobachevsky Nizhny Novgorod State University, Russia, Nizhniy Novgorod, Gagarin Avenue, 23, 603950
Nizhniy Novgorod branch of TGK-6 for 9 months of 2012 cut power energy output 10.
The firm has around 1,000 employees in the town of Gorodets, Russiaa[euro](tm)s Nizhniy Novgorod province, and is seen to generate sales of some EUR35m (USD42.
The Institute of Applied Physics in NiZhniy Novgorod has manufactured the prototype of the ITER gyrotron, which it successfully tested at the Kurchatov Institute at the required 1 MW of power during 1000 seconds.
The bank has additional offices in Moscow, Saint Petersburg, Nizhniy Novgorod, Novosibirsk and Rostov-on-Don.
The carrier received permission to fly from its Thessaloniki base to Novosibirsk, Omsk, Perm, Nizhniy Novgorod, Tyumen, Ufa, Samara, Volgograd, Voronezh and Saratov.
Lobachevsky State University of Nizhniy Novgorod in Russia.
It was mentioned that GM has now partnered with OAO GAZ to produce Aveos at Nizhniy Novgorod.
The Chekhovian works on display include Leshy (The Wood Demon) by Taganrog Honour Awards Drama Theatre; Country Stories by Chekhovian Studio; Five Poods of Love--whose title is taken from Chekhov's description of an early draft of The Seagull; a "pood" is a unit of measure--staged by the Stavropol Academic Drama Theatre; Uncle Vanya by the Nizhniy Novgorod State Academic Drama Theatre; and The Seagull by Minsk's Republican Theatre of Belarusian Dramatic Art.
Egorycheva had said: "God wants us to go to Nizhniy Novgorod and cleanse the world of sinners".
Slastyona planned to transform its Factory A in the city of Nizhniy Novgorod into a "flagship" factory by investing in sophisticated, modern plant and equipment.