Nizhny Novgorod

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Nizhny Novgorod

(nyēsh`nyī nôf`gərəd), formerly




city (1989 pop. 1,438,000), capital of Nizhny Novgorod region and the administrative center of the Volga federal district, E European Russia, on the Volga and Oka rivers. A major river port and a rail and air center, it is one of the chief industrial cities of Russia. Heavy machinery, steel, chemicals, and textiles are produced. The city is the site of one of the largest automobile factories in Russia. Nizhny Novgorod stretches along the Volga and Oka rivers and is surrounded by large satellite towns such as Bakna Bor, Pravinsk, and Kstovo. In 1221 a prince of Vladimir founded the city as a frontier post against the Volga Bulgars and Mordovians. It became a major trading point for Russia and the East. In 1350 it became the capital of the Suzdal–Nizhny Novgorod principality and was annexed in 1392 by Moscow. From 1608 to 1612 the city was the rallying point for the Russian army that defeated the Polish, Lithuanian, and Cossack armies. Nizhny Novgorod was famous for its annual trade fairs, held from 1817 to 1930, except during the Bolshevik Revolution and the civil war. Its turreted stone kremlin dates from the 13th cent. There are two 13th-century churches, a palace (1625–31), the Uspensky church (1672–74), and the Stroganov and Christmas churches (late 17th-early 18th cent.). The university was founded in 1918. Nizhny Novgorod was named Gorky from 1932 to 1991 for Maxim GorkyGorky, Maxim or Maksim
[Rus.,=Maxim the Bitter], pseud. of Aleksey Maximovich Pyeshkov,
1868–1936, Russian writer, b. Nizhny Novgorod (named Gorky, 1932–91).
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, who was born there.

Nizhny Novgorod


the former name (until 1932) of the city of Gorky, the administrative center of Gorky Oblast, RSFSR. 17–1783–2]

References in periodicals archive ?
Open Competition: Construction Supervision For The Project: Overhaul Of The Road M-7 Volga - From Moscow Through Vladimir, Nizhny Novgorod, Kazan To Ufa Km 18+ 000 - Km 23 000 In The Moscow Region.
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Hemmelrath Lackfabrik GmbH founded the company's first Russian branch, Hemmelrath RUS, in Nizhny Novgorod.
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Before representatives of more than 60 companies, the government team led by Prime Minister Nikola Gruevski presented at the business forum in Nizhny Novgorod Wednesday Macedonia's investment opportunities.
In the beginning of the 2011 we decided to launch a new production center in Nizhny Novgorod based on the LANIT's subsidiary in the Volga Region.
NIZHNY NOVGOROD, Russia, February 15, 2011 /PRNewswire/ -- Amstar and Griffin Partners are pleased to announce that French auto parts manufacturer Valeo has leased approximately 4,700 square meters of manufacturing and storage space at Volga Industrial Park in Nizhny Novgorod, Russia.
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