Nizhny Novgorod

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Nizhny Novgorod

(nyēsh`nyī nôf`gərəd), formerly




city (1989 pop. 1,438,000), capital of Nizhny Novgorod region and the administrative center of the Volga federal district, E European Russia, on the Volga and Oka rivers. A major river port and a rail and air center, it is one of the chief industrial cities of Russia. Heavy machinery, steel, chemicals, and textiles are produced. The city is the site of one of the largest automobile factories in Russia. Nizhny Novgorod stretches along the Volga and Oka rivers and is surrounded by large satellite towns such as Bakna Bor, Pravinsk, and Kstovo. In 1221 a prince of Vladimir founded the city as a frontier post against the Volga Bulgars and Mordovians. It became a major trading point for Russia and the East. In 1350 it became the capital of the Suzdal–Nizhny Novgorod principality and was annexed in 1392 by Moscow. From 1608 to 1612 the city was the rallying point for the Russian army that defeated the Polish, Lithuanian, and Cossack armies. Nizhny Novgorod was famous for its annual trade fairs, held from 1817 to 1930, except during the Bolshevik Revolution and the civil war. Its turreted stone kremlin dates from the 13th cent. There are two 13th-century churches, a palace (1625–31), the Uspensky church (1672–74), and the Stroganov and Christmas churches (late 17th-early 18th cent.). The university was founded in 1918. Nizhny Novgorod was named Gorky from 1932 to 1991 for Maxim GorkyGorky, Maxim or Maksim
[Rus.,=Maxim the Bitter], pseud. of Aleksey Maximovich Pyeshkov,
1868–1936, Russian writer, b. Nizhny Novgorod (named Gorky, 1932–91).
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, who was born there.

Nizhny Novgorod


the former name (until 1932) of the city of Gorky, the administrative center of Gorky Oblast, RSFSR. 17–1783–2]

References in periodicals archive ?
Electronic auction: the device of wear layers on the highway m-7 "volga" moscow - vladimir - nizhny novgorod - kazan - ufa on the section km 62 + 000 - km 68 + 000, moscow region (right) the device of wear layers on the highway m-7 "volga "moscow - vladimir - nizhny novgorod - kazan - ufa on the section km 62 + 000 - km 68 + 000, moscow region (left)
The plane, flying from Baku to Kazan, has made an emergency landing in the Nizhny Novgorod city of Russia, the Interfax news agency reported.
Summary: Industrial production in Russia's Nizhny Novgorod region in the first half of 2015 increased
15 May 2012 - Russia's Koltsovo airport said on Tuesday it had taken a majority stake in Nizhny Novgorod airport after agreeing to buy into the sector player earlier this year.
There's no hope of squeezing into the church in the centre of Nizhny Novgorod, Russia, when we arrive late on Easter Saturday night.
Imalux OCT technology has been under evaluation with physicians in a number of specialty areas and has been used with more than 3,000 patients worldwide at leading medical institutions including The Cleveland Clinic, The George Washington University Medical Center, Baylor College of Medicine/The Methodist Hospital, University Hospitals of Cleveland, Nizhny Novgorod Medical Academy and Regional Hospital, Nizhny Novgorod, Russia; Municipal Hospital, Chartres, France; State Hospital, Athens, Greece; University Clinic of Eppendorf, Hamburg, Germany; and Hospital Maternidad Nuestra Senora de la Altagracia, Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic.
Electronic auction: provision of services for the organization of video surveillance in order to detect forest fires in the forest areas of district (inter-district) forest districts of the nizhny novgorod region
White Flower Day--a popular charitable event of the 1910s--has made a comeback in Nizhny Novgorod in response to the increase of tuberculosis (TB) in Russian cities.
The head of the Nizhny Novgorod region Gleb Nikitin and the acting Minister of Agriculture and Food Resources of the Nizhny Novgorod region Alexei Morozov paid a working visit to the pork breeding complex under construction in the Bolshomrashkinsky District of the Nizhny Novgorod Region.
We have a beautiful but very hard task--to create goodness by means of the language of art,' says Natalia Pankova, the Chair of the Russian Art Foundation, a non-governmental non-profit organization, which promotes artists and culture in Nizhny Novgorod.
This was stated by the acting Minister of Agriculture and Food Resources of the Nizhny Novgorod region Alexei Morozov.
February 13, 2018 in the Legislative Assembly of the Nizhny Novgorod region, the permanent experts of the FGBOU VO "Nizhny Novgorod State Agricultural Academy" took part in the meeting of the committee on the agro-industrial complex.