Nizhny Novgorod


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Wikipedia.

Nizhny Novgorod

(nyēsh`nyī nôf`gərəd), formerly

Gorky

or

Gorki,

city (1989 pop. 1,438,000), capital of Nizhny Novgorod region and the administrative center of the Volga federal district, E European Russia, on the Volga and Oka rivers. A major river port and a rail and air center, it is one of the chief industrial cities of Russia. Heavy machinery, steel, chemicals, and textiles are produced. The city is the site of one of the largest automobile factories in Russia. Nizhny Novgorod stretches along the Volga and Oka rivers and is surrounded by large satellite towns such as Bakna Bor, Pravinsk, and Kstovo. In 1221 a prince of Vladimir founded the city as a frontier post against the Volga Bulgars and Mordovians. It became a major trading point for Russia and the East. In 1350 it became the capital of the Suzdal–Nizhny Novgorod principality and was annexed in 1392 by Moscow. From 1608 to 1612 the city was the rallying point for the Russian army that defeated the Polish, Lithuanian, and Cossack armies. Nizhny Novgorod was famous for its annual trade fairs, held from 1817 to 1930, except during the Bolshevik Revolution and the civil war. Its turreted stone kremlin dates from the 13th cent. There are two 13th-century churches, a palace (1625–31), the Uspensky church (1672–74), and the Stroganov and Christmas churches (late 17th-early 18th cent.). The university was founded in 1918. Nizhny Novgorod was named Gorky from 1932 to 1991 for Maxim GorkyGorky, Maxim or Maksim
[Rus.,=Maxim the Bitter], pseud. of Aleksey Maximovich Pyeshkov,
1868–1936, Russian writer, b. Nizhny Novgorod (named Gorky, 1932–91).
..... Click the link for more information.
, who was born there.

Nizhny Novgorod

 

the former name (until 1932) of the city of Gorky, the administrative center of Gorky Oblast, RSFSR. 17–1783–2]

References in periodicals archive ?
I hope that the software development center of Nizhny Novgorod will shortly become not only a resource center but also a cohesive team of high experienced professionals that are always ready to effectively deliver the most complex projects," comments Dmitry Parshin.
Tecom Group is a multinational engineering sales and services company with offices in Melbourne, Florida, and Nizhny Novgorod, Russia.
Recommendations Torpedo Nizhny Novgorod 2pts 33-20 bet365 Torpedo to score first 2pts 20-23 bet365 WATCH & BET Start Sport Event 8am Basketball Korea Women: kdb life Winnus v KB Savers 8am Football Russia: CSKA Moscow Res v Dinamo Moscow Youth 9.
A trip by ERICA officials to Nizhny Novgorod is scheduled in early March, to ready the building for equipment installation which, depending on shipment scheduling, is expected to occur in late May.
Branches of the League were set up in different cities, including Nizhny Novgorod.
Address : The Russian Federation, 603082, Nizhny Novgorod region, Nizhny Novgorod g Kremlin - housing / 5 / - - / -
In 2005 LUKOIL began a complex reconstruction and modernization of the Nizhny Novgorod refinery.
Address : The Russian Federation, 603107, Nizhny Novgorod region, Nizhny Novgorod g, Shcherbinka 1, 13
Torpedo Nizhny Novgorod host Metallurg Magnitogorsk in what is expected to be a tight match - it's just 4-7 that there are five or fewer goals - but it could be a more flowing affair than that.
Since then, ICF has held forums and meetings from Nizhny Novgorod to Chicago, from Budapest to Toronto, in Poland, France, Switzerland, Scotland and India, often at the invitation of local professional media bodies.
Open Competition: To Hold An Open Competition To Determine The Vendor And Signing A Contract With Them For The Supply, Installation And Commissioning Of The Automated Information System Of Parking (Parking Spaces) For A Fee Located In The Revolution Square Of The City Of Nizhny Novgorod Registration Number Of Purchase: OK 410.