(Njeguš, Petrović-Njegoš), a dynasty in Montenegro from 1697 until 1918, named after the Njeguš clan, to which the members of the dynasty belonged. Its first representatives were bishops who combined spiritual and secular authority. The founder of the dynasty, Danilo (ruled 1697–1735), struggled against the Turks and established political ties with Russia in 1711.
The other members of the dynasty were Savva (1735–81); Petar I (1781–1830), under whom Montenegro attained de facto independence in 1796; Petar II (1830–51), who was both a statesman and a poet; Danilo (1851–60), who with Russian support proclaimed Montenegro a principality in 1852 and transformed it into a secular state; and Nikola (1860–1918), who in 1878 achieved international recognition of Montenegro’s independence and extended its territory. Nikola proclaimed himself king in 1910, but he was deposed in 1918 by the Great National
Assembly, which voted to unite Montenegro with Serbia.