Nzinga

(redirected from Njinga)

Nzinga

Nzinga or Njinga, c.1583–1663, queen of the Mbundu people in what is now Angola. In 1622, she represented her brother, King Mbande of Ndongo, in talks with the Portuguese, who had established a fort at Luanda and were encroaching on Mbundu land in their quest to control the Atlantic slave trade. She converted to Christianity, possibly to seal the treaty that resulted, and adopted the name Dona Ana de Souza. The treaty was not honored, however, and during the subsequent conflict Nzinga succeeded (1624) Mbande after his death. Although she lost control of Ndongo (1626–29), she took power by 1631 in neighboring Matamba, which became her base in her long war with the Portuguese, which continued until 1657. Nzinga was skilled politician and diplomat and courageous battlefield leader, sometimes forming alliances with rival states and the Dutch.

Bibliography

See L. Heywood, Njinga of Angola (2017).

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2022, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Minimum bactericidal concentration (MBC) of leaf extracts was determined as described in Njinga et al.
Heywood offers a fascinating history of Njinga: queen, warrior, slave trader, military leader, and more.
Njinga Rainha de Angola, directed by Sergio Graciano, was one of the must-see films at Film Africa 2014--London's biggest celebration of African cinema.
(10) Truces were negotiated with Native Americans of Amazonia and Bahia and in Angola also with their long-time nemesis, Queen Njinga of Matamba.
The samba also evokes Queen Njinga (1582-1663) who, after being baptized as Ana de Sousa, finally resisted Portuguese domination in Angola.
The biographies include Njinga of Matamba, circa 1663, and the contemporary Elizabeth of Toro.
En el presente trabajo se estudiaran dos obras de teatro escritas por una dramaturga espanola, Maria Rosa de Galvez, y otra afroamericana, Carole Ione Lewis, las que, separadas por un periodo de casi doscientos anos y basandose en algunos hechos historicos, reivindican a Zinda / Njinga como mujer y madre del nacionalismo africano e inspiradora de las nuevas generaciones de descendientes de africanos.
This survey ranges dramatically from Isadora Duncan through Benjamin Britten's Curlew River to Pauline Oliveros's Njinga the Queen King.