Nobel Prize


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See also: Nobel Prizes (table)Nobel Prizes
Year Peace Chemistry Physics Physiology or Medicine Literature
1901 J. H. Dunant Frédéric Passy J. H. van't Hoff W. C. Roentgen E. A. von Behring R. F. A. Sully-Prudhomme
1902 Élie Ducommun C. A. Gobat Emil Fischer H. A.
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Nobel Prize,

award given for outstanding achievement in physics, chemistry, physiology or medicine, peace, or literature. The awards were established by the will of Alfred NobelNobel, Alfred Bernhard
, 1833–96, Swedish chemist and inventor. Educated in St. Petersburg, Russia, he traveled as a youth and returned to St. Petersburg in 1852 to assist his father in the development of torpedoes and mines.
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, who left a fund to provide annual prizes in the five areas listed above. These prizes were first given in 1901. The Bank of Sweden Prize in Economic Sciences in Memory of Alfred Nobel was established in 1968 from funds provided by the Swedish national bank, Sveriges Riksbank, and was first awarded in 1969. Each prize consists of a gold medal, a sum of money, and a diploma with the citation of award. The amount of money available for each prize varies from year to year. The Nobel Prizes are awarded without regard to nationality; the judges are, by the terms of Nobel's will, the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences (physics and chemistry, as well as economic science), the Swedish Royal Caroline Medico-Surgical Institute (physiology or medicine), the Swedish Academy (literature), and a committee elected by the Norwegian parliament (peace). The awards are made on Dec. 10, the anniversary of Nobel's death, the Peace Prize being presented in Oslo and the others in Stockholm. A prize is sometimes shared; several times the Nobel Peace Prize has been given to an organization. There may be one or more years in which a prize or prizes may not be awarded; this has happened most often with the Peace Prize. See the tables entitled Nobel PrizesNobel Prizes
Year Peace Chemistry Physics Physiology or Medicine Literature
1901 J. H. Dunant Frédéric Passy J. H. van't Hoff W. C. Roentgen E. A. von Behring R. F. A. Sully-Prudhomme
1902 Élie Ducommun C. A. Gobat Emil Fischer H. A.
..... Click the link for more information.
 and Bank of Sweden Prize in Economic Sciences in Memory of Alfred Nobelfor lists of persons who have been awarded the prizes.
References in periodicals archive ?
The company also found that only 10 Nobel Prizes have ever been auctioned, Yntema said.
The 23 countries for which data was available were displayed on a graph charting chocolate consumption against Nobel Prizes which made the correlation strikingly clear.
In 1923, He won the Nobel Prize in Medicine for the DISCOVERY of insulin and the studies of its use in treating diabetes.
The UK has been the birthplace of 88 Nobel Prize winners to date, making it the second most successful country behind the USA which boasts a colossal 255 winners.
Sweden came in section for consumption, but came in first for most Nobel Prize laureates while Switzerland came in second.
The Nobel Prize and Prize in Economic Sciences have been awarded to women 44 times between 1901 and 2011.
Venkatraman along with Israeli Ada Yonath and American Thomas Steitz won the Nobel Prize for producing atom-by-atom maps of the mysterious, life-giving ribosome that has allowed researchers to develop powerful new antibiotics.
The award of the Nobel Prize for physics in 1921 honoured Albert Einstein for his work on the photoelectric effect.
Then she revealed: "About 40 years ago they sent one of their minions to tell me they didn't like me at the Nobel Prize and I would never get one.
is the president of the Hauptman-Woodward Medical Research Institute, chairman of the Board of Directors of the New York State Institute on Superconductivity, research professor of biophysical sciences at the State University of New York at Buffalo, and the 1985 recipient of the Nobel Prize in Chemistry.
It is ironic that the father of the current recipient of the Nobel Prize in Chemistry won the prize in medicine ("Nobel prizes recognize things great and small," SN: 10/7/06, p.
Barry Marshall of Australia certainly deserves the Nobel prize in medicine (January/February issue).