Nobel Prize

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See also: Nobel Prizes (table)Nobel Prizes
Year Peace Chemistry Physics Physiology or Medicine Literature
1901 J. H. Dunant Frédéric Passy J. H. van't Hoff W. C. Roentgen E. A. von Behring R. F. A. Sully-Prudhomme
1902 Élie Ducommun C. A. Gobat Emil Fischer H. A.
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Nobel Prize,

award given for outstanding achievement in physics, chemistry, physiology or medicine, peace, or literature. The awards were established by the will of Alfred NobelNobel, Alfred Bernhard
, 1833–96, Swedish chemist and inventor. Educated in St. Petersburg, Russia, he traveled as a youth and returned to St. Petersburg in 1852 to assist his father in the development of torpedoes and mines.
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, who left a fund to provide annual prizes in the five areas listed above. These prizes were first given in 1901. The Bank of Sweden Prize in Economic Sciences in Memory of Alfred Nobel was established in 1968 from funds provided by the Swedish national bank, Sveriges Riksbank, and was first awarded in 1969. Each prize consists of a gold medal, a sum of money, and a diploma with the citation of award. The amount of money available for each prize varies from year to year. The Nobel Prizes are awarded without regard to nationality; the judges are, by the terms of Nobel's will, the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences (physics and chemistry, as well as economic science), the Swedish Royal Caroline Medico-Surgical Institute (physiology or medicine), the Swedish Academy (literature), and a committee elected by the Norwegian parliament (peace). The awards are made on Dec. 10, the anniversary of Nobel's death, the Peace Prize being presented in Oslo and the others in Stockholm. A prize is sometimes shared; several times the Nobel Peace Prize has been given to an organization. There may be one or more years in which a prize or prizes may not be awarded; this has happened most often with the Peace Prize. See the tables entitled Nobel PrizesNobel Prizes
Year Peace Chemistry Physics Physiology or Medicine Literature
1901 J. H. Dunant Frédéric Passy J. H. van't Hoff W. C. Roentgen E. A. von Behring R. F. A. Sully-Prudhomme
1902 Élie Ducommun C. A. Gobat Emil Fischer H. A.
..... Click the link for more information.
 and Bank of Sweden Prize in Economic Sciences in Memory of Alfred Nobelfor lists of persons who have been awarded the prizes.
References in periodicals archive ?
During the lecture, the Nobel Prize laureate explained the theory he developed with US professors Peter Diamond and Dale Mortensen, who share the 2010 Nobel Prize for Economics, on the practical side as to how a correct policy could minimize the consequences of unemployment both as regards the workers' difficulties and as well as the economy as a whole.
The envoy, Lee Yuan-tseh, would be invited to attend a conference of ethnic Chinese Nobel Prize laureates discussing China's future, the ttimes.
Credit ratings agencies are not necessarily credible but unfortunately the markets follow their forecasts, Nobel Prize laureate Christopher Pissarides stated today.
Professor Ciechanover MD, DSc, is the Nobel Prize laureate in Chemistry (2004), and the recipient of the Israel Prize in Biological Research (2000) and of the prestigious Lasker Award (2000).
The winner was selected by members of two high-level committees, which included Nobel Prize Laureate Elie Wiesel; Justice and President emeritus of the Supreme Court of Israel, Meir Shamgar; Justice of the Supreme Court of Israel (retired) Tova Strasberg-Cohen; and the Chief Rabbi Emeritus of the UK, Lord Jonathan Sacks.
Obama had met the Nobel Prize laureate for about 45 minutes on Saturday, and praised him for embracing non-violence.
The Dalai Lama is expected to speak chiefly on religion, including such themes as the dialogue between science and religion, at a panel discussion meeting which Masatoshi Koshiba, a Nobel Prize laureate for physics, and others will also attend, the sources said.
The Argentinean Nobel Prize Laureate, Adolfo Perez Esquivel, has also expressed his support for his compatriot.
Etienne Reuter, charge d'affairs of the delegation of the European Commission in Japan, said the move was consistent with the EU's position on Myanmar and that the two sides should step up pressure on the junta to release the Nobel Prize laureate and democratize the country.
Claude Cohen-Tannoudji, the French Nobel Prize Laureate in Physics 1997 and Dr.
music entrepreneur Seymour Stein, Polar Music Prize Laureate of 2006 John Paul Jones of Led Zeppelin, Nobel Prize Laureate in Economic Sciences in 1990 William F.
Maybe, nominate him as a Nobel Prize laureate," the paper quoted a source from inside President Dmitry Medvedev's office, as saying.