Nobel Prize

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See also: Nobel Prizes (table)Nobel Prizes
Year Peace Chemistry Physics Physiology or Medicine Literature
1901 J. H. Dunant Frédéric Passy J. H. van't Hoff W. C. Roentgen E. A. von Behring R. F. A. Sully-Prudhomme
1902 Élie Ducommun C. A. Gobat Emil Fischer H. A.
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Nobel Prize,

award given for outstanding achievement in physics, chemistry, physiology or medicine, peace, or literature. The awards were established by the will of Alfred NobelNobel, Alfred Bernhard
, 1833–96, Swedish chemist and inventor. Educated in St. Petersburg, Russia, he traveled as a youth and returned to St. Petersburg in 1852 to assist his father in the development of torpedoes and mines.
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, who left a fund to provide annual prizes in the five areas listed above. These prizes were first given in 1901. The Bank of Sweden Prize in Economic Sciences in Memory of Alfred Nobel was established in 1968 from funds provided by the Swedish national bank, Sveriges Riksbank, and was first awarded in 1969. Each prize consists of a gold medal, a sum of money, and a diploma with the citation of award. The amount of money available for each prize varies from year to year. The Nobel Prizes are awarded without regard to nationality; the judges are, by the terms of Nobel's will, the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences (physics and chemistry, as well as economic science), the Swedish Royal Caroline Medico-Surgical Institute (physiology or medicine), the Swedish Academy (literature), and a committee elected by the Norwegian parliament (peace). The awards are made on Dec. 10, the anniversary of Nobel's death, the Peace Prize being presented in Oslo and the others in Stockholm. A prize is sometimes shared; several times the Nobel Peace Prize has been given to an organization. There may be one or more years in which a prize or prizes may not be awarded; this has happened most often with the Peace Prize. See the tables entitled Nobel PrizesNobel Prizes
Year Peace Chemistry Physics Physiology or Medicine Literature
1901 J. H. Dunant Frédéric Passy J. H. van't Hoff W. C. Roentgen E. A. von Behring R. F. A. Sully-Prudhomme
1902 Élie Ducommun C. A. Gobat Emil Fischer H. A.
..... Click the link for more information.
 and Bank of Sweden Prize in Economic Sciences in Memory of Alfred Nobelfor lists of persons who have been awarded the prizes.
References in periodicals archive ?
SARAJEVO: Award-winning writer-director Emir Kusturica has launched the construction of a historic town in Visegrad, a set for his forthcoming film based on a novel by Nobel Prize laureate Ivo Andric.
ANKARA, Oct 19, 2010 (TUR) -- Poland's former president and Nobel Prize laureate Lech Walesa will arrive in Turkey.
Dr Robert Richardson, another Nobel prize laureate, highlighted the importance of training and rehabilitation of places where additionally research works could be undertaken with the required financial investments in a manner that serves the entire world.
The outcome was declared on 11th of December which marks Mahouze birthday, the Nobel Prize laureate in literature, who died in 2006.
Critics argue that measures such as the so-called Tobin tax - a flat tax on currency transactions named after the Nobel Prize laureate James Tobin - would just dry up world financial flows.
But it slammed calls by prolific Egyptian writer and TV personality Mohamed Hasanein Heikal for a three-year transitional rule in Egypt by prominent and respected figures in Egypt, including ElBaradei, Arab League Chief Amr Moussa, and Nobel Prize laureate Ahmed Zuweil.
On August 3, the world lost Nobel Prize laureate Alexander Solzhenitsyn, the conscience of the Cold War.
With respect to the United states, Barroso, supported by Professors Schellnhuber and Carlo Rubbia (CERN, 1984 Nobel Prize laureate in physics, Geneva) indicated that "evolution of the situation on the other side of the Atlantic should not be underestimated," sending a warning signal a Europe "that talks more than it acts," particularly in the area of research.
The Nobel Prize Laureate, who was an outspoken opponent of the Disengagement, addressed Prime Minister Ehud Olmert: "About half a year ago in Petra, Jordan, the prime minister said that we are tired.
The Education Rebuilding Council, headed by Nobel Prize laureate Ryoji Noyori, is expected to formally present to the prime minister Wednesday a set of proposals and emergency measures aimed at revitalizing the nation's education.
Sir Ronald was awarded the Nobel Prize Laureate after identifying that mosquitoes carry malaria-one of the world's biggest killers.