Nobel Prize

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See also: Nobel Prizes (table)Nobel Prizes
Year Peace Chemistry Physics Physiology or Medicine Literature
1901 J. H. Dunant Frédéric Passy J. H. van't Hoff W. C. Roentgen E. A. von Behring R. F. A. Sully-Prudhomme
1902 Élie Ducommun C. A. Gobat Emil Fischer H. A.
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Nobel Prize,

award given for outstanding achievement in physics, chemistry, physiology or medicine, peace, or literature. The awards were established by the will of Alfred NobelNobel, Alfred Bernhard
, 1833–96, Swedish chemist and inventor. Educated in St. Petersburg, Russia, he traveled as a youth and returned to St. Petersburg in 1852 to assist his father in the development of torpedoes and mines.
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, who left a fund to provide annual prizes in the five areas listed above. These prizes were first given in 1901. The Bank of Sweden Prize in Economic Sciences in Memory of Alfred Nobel was established in 1968 from funds provided by the Swedish national bank, Sveriges Riksbank, and was first awarded in 1969. Each prize consists of a gold medal, a sum of money, and a diploma with the citation of award. The amount of money available for each prize varies from year to year. The Nobel Prizes are awarded without regard to nationality; the judges are, by the terms of Nobel's will, the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences (physics and chemistry, as well as economic science), the Swedish Royal Caroline Medico-Surgical Institute (physiology or medicine), the Swedish Academy (literature), and a committee elected by the Norwegian parliament (peace). The awards are made on Dec. 10, the anniversary of Nobel's death, the Peace Prize being presented in Oslo and the others in Stockholm. A prize is sometimes shared; several times the Nobel Peace Prize has been given to an organization. There may be one or more years in which a prize or prizes may not be awarded; this has happened most often with the Peace Prize. See the tables entitled Nobel PrizesNobel Prizes
Year Peace Chemistry Physics Physiology or Medicine Literature
1901 J. H. Dunant Frédéric Passy J. H. van't Hoff W. C. Roentgen E. A. von Behring R. F. A. Sully-Prudhomme
1902 Élie Ducommun C. A. Gobat Emil Fischer H. A.
..... Click the link for more information.
 and Bank of Sweden Prize in Economic Sciences in Memory of Alfred Nobelfor lists of persons who have been awarded the prizes.
References in periodicals archive ?
Mr Trimble said over the weekend he hoped the Nobel award would encourage the republican movement to act.
A FRESH drive to break the deadlock in the Northern Ireland peace process is to be made in the wake of the Nobel award to Ulster Unionist leader David Trimble and SDLP leader John Hume.
In this year of 1995, in which the Allied victory is being commemorated and the children of Hiroshima and Nagasaki are singing hymns of peace, the Americas observe the fiftieth anniversary of that Nobel award in honor of Mistral and her concern for social justice.
Ali Khan, a resident of Mingora said Nobel Award for Malala Yousafzai has sparked widespread jubilations among people in the entire Malakand division including Swat district.
The Nobel award committee described Ms Munro the "master of the contemporary short story".
The brave daughter of Pakistan has won the European Union's annual human rights award, Children's International Nobel Award and 2013 Ambassador of Conscience award of Clinton Foundation.
Another translation could be: "the belief in a universal bond of sharing that connects all humanity" and who has the distinction of winning the Nobel award for two different categories Chemistry 1954 for 'Studies Of Molecular Structure And The Chemical Bond'/Nobel Peace 1962 for 'Fight Against Atomic Testing'.
Breivik, who admitted carrying out twin attacks in Oslo on 22 July 2011, had plotted to attack the Nobel award ceremony with a car bomb.
Part of President Obama's Nobel Prize Award contribution of $250,000 - the largest gift to any not-for-profit organization from the President's Nobel Award - went into the construction of the Dover Fisher House and Pavilion.
Speaking in China Liu Xiaobo's wife Liu Xia said she was "so excited" by the Nobel award.
The medal and certificate have now been restored to her, but her situation continues to be serious," Swedish Foreign Minister Carl Bildt and Norwegian Foreign Minister Jonas Gahr Stoere said in a joint statement issued the day of the annual Nobel Award ceremonies in Stockholm and Oslo.
GAIL-Tzipporah seems to suggest that the best thing for Obama to do would be to outright reject the Nobel award.