Nobel Prize

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See also: Nobel Prizes (table)Nobel Prizes
Year Peace Chemistry Physics Physiology or Medicine Literature
1901 J. H. Dunant Frédéric Passy J. H. van't Hoff W. C. Roentgen E. A. von Behring R. F. A. Sully-Prudhomme
1902 Élie Ducommun C. A. Gobat Emil Fischer H. A.
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Nobel Prize,

award given for outstanding achievement in physics, chemistry, physiology or medicine, peace, or literature. The awards were established by the will of Alfred NobelNobel, Alfred Bernhard
, 1833–96, Swedish chemist and inventor. Educated in St. Petersburg, Russia, he traveled as a youth and returned to St. Petersburg in 1852 to assist his father in the development of torpedoes and mines.
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, who left a fund to provide annual prizes in the five areas listed above. These prizes were first given in 1901. The Bank of Sweden Prize in Economic Sciences in Memory of Alfred Nobel was established in 1968 from funds provided by the Swedish national bank, Sveriges Riksbank, and was first awarded in 1969. Each prize consists of a gold medal, a sum of money, and a diploma with the citation of award. The amount of money available for each prize varies from year to year. The Nobel Prizes are awarded without regard to nationality; the judges are, by the terms of Nobel's will, the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences (physics and chemistry, as well as economic science), the Swedish Royal Caroline Medico-Surgical Institute (physiology or medicine), the Swedish Academy (literature), and a committee elected by the Norwegian parliament (peace). The awards are made on Dec. 10, the anniversary of Nobel's death, the Peace Prize being presented in Oslo and the others in Stockholm. A prize is sometimes shared; several times the Nobel Peace Prize has been given to an organization. There may be one or more years in which a prize or prizes may not be awarded; this has happened most often with the Peace Prize. See the tables entitled Nobel PrizesNobel Prizes
Year Peace Chemistry Physics Physiology or Medicine Literature
1901 J. H. Dunant Frédéric Passy J. H. van't Hoff W. C. Roentgen E. A. von Behring R. F. A. Sully-Prudhomme
1902 Élie Ducommun C. A. Gobat Emil Fischer H. A.
..... Click the link for more information.
 and Bank of Sweden Prize in Economic Sciences in Memory of Alfred Nobelfor lists of persons who have been awarded the prizes.
References in periodicals archive ?
The Nobel award piqued the ire of Beijing, who has repeatedly decried it as an intervention in China's judicial sovereignty and an open support of ''criminal activities'' in the country.
After his speech, Jagland placed the Nobel award on the chair, amid applause.
Paper presented at the Nobel Award Conference in Stockholm.
All Nobel Award winners literary books will be translated into Urdu since the very first Nobel Award in Literature in 1901, he said, adding, the publication of the peculiar literature relevant to those women who struggled and suffered in struggle to achieve "Women Empowerment" will be collected and published.
I had heard his name for the first time when he won the Nobel Award in Chemistry in 1999, and I have followed his scientific work ever since.
King Faissal Award, which is considered as Nobel Award of the Arabic world, will be given to Prime Minister Recep Tayyip Erdogan this year.
It is traditional for winners of the Nobel award to give a lecture in Stockholm prior to accepting the prize.
As the oldest person ever to win the Nobel award for literature, Lessing was born in Iran in 1919, where her father was an officer in the British Army.
The Nobel award, says Mr Bage, demonstrates and symbolises that peace and development go hand in hand.
Johanna Budwig, a six-time Nobel Award nominee, discovered a totally natural formula that not only protects against the development of cancer, but people all over the world who have been diagnosed with incurable cancer and sent home to die have actually benefited from her research--and now lead normal lives.