Nobel Prize

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See also: Nobel Prizes (table)Nobel Prizes
Year Peace Chemistry Physics Physiology or Medicine Literature
1901 J. H. Dunant Frédéric Passy J. H. van't Hoff W. C. Roentgen E. A. von Behring R. F. A. Sully-Prudhomme
1902 Élie Ducommun C. A. Gobat Emil Fischer H. A.
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Nobel Prize,

award given for outstanding achievement in physics, chemistry, physiology or medicine, peace, or literature. The awards were established by the will of Alfred NobelNobel, Alfred Bernhard
, 1833–96, Swedish chemist and inventor. Educated in St. Petersburg, Russia, he traveled as a youth and returned to St. Petersburg in 1852 to assist his father in the development of torpedoes and mines.
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, who left a fund to provide annual prizes in the five areas listed above. These prizes were first given in 1901. The Bank of Sweden Prize in Economic Sciences in Memory of Alfred Nobel was established in 1968 from funds provided by the Swedish national bank, Sveriges Riksbank, and was first awarded in 1969. Each prize consists of a gold medal, a sum of money, and a diploma with the citation of award. The amount of money available for each prize varies from year to year. The Nobel Prizes are awarded without regard to nationality; the judges are, by the terms of Nobel's will, the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences (physics and chemistry, as well as economic science), the Swedish Royal Caroline Medico-Surgical Institute (physiology or medicine), the Swedish Academy (literature), and a committee elected by the Norwegian parliament (peace). The awards are made on Dec. 10, the anniversary of Nobel's death, the Peace Prize being presented in Oslo and the others in Stockholm. A prize is sometimes shared; several times the Nobel Peace Prize has been given to an organization. There may be one or more years in which a prize or prizes may not be awarded; this has happened most often with the Peace Prize. See the tables entitled Nobel PrizesNobel Prizes
Year Peace Chemistry Physics Physiology or Medicine Literature
1901 J. H. Dunant Frédéric Passy J. H. van't Hoff W. C. Roentgen E. A. von Behring R. F. A. Sully-Prudhomme
1902 Élie Ducommun C. A. Gobat Emil Fischer H. A.
..... Click the link for more information.
 and Bank of Sweden Prize in Economic Sciences in Memory of Alfred Nobelfor lists of persons who have been awarded the prizes.
References in periodicals archive ?
Reading the USDA's published results, Burnham was shocked to realize that its scientists, including future Green Revolution Nobelist Norman Borlaug, had ignored a basic tenet of breeding resistance into crops.
Prochnik finds a credible legacy of their union in the work of such renowned American psychiatrists as Karl Menninger and recent Nobelist Eric Kandel.
This particle, called the "God particle" by Nobelist Leon Lederman (who, rumor has it, was told he would sell more copies of his book if he used this as the title), plays an important role in thinking about the hidden properties of physics.
Thus was born the Spence Commission on Growth and Development, a star-studded group of policymakers - including another Nobelist - whose final report was issued at the end of May.
Instead, marketers rely on parent testimonials, such as "Ever since my little Johnny started watching your Baby Nobelist videos 18 months ago, he's learned to count, learned his colors, and he's four inches taller
Duncan Black [5] and Economics Nobelist Kenneth Arrow [6] independently and more or less simultaneously established the mathematical result and procedure a half-century ago.
The EG wanted to run Menchu as its candidate, but the Nobelist had a broader agenda.
IN OTHER NOBELIST NEWS, THE Daily Star of Dhaka made a surprising disclosure on Jan.
Thereafter, no decade has been without a female Peace Nobelist, and in fact the 1990s saw three, and the present decade has already had two.
Her team of eight includes Fairy Flight, the dam of Group 2 Challenge Stakes winner Just James (by Spectrum); Noble Peregrine, the dam of smart milers Wannabe Around (Primo Dominie) and Nobelist (Bering); P ride Of My Heart, who was responsible for last year's Group 2 Temple Stakes winner Night Prospector (Night Shift); and Tahara, the dam of Richard Hannon's promising juvenile Godfrey Street.
Nobelist Daniel Kahneman, winner of the 2002 prize in economics, describes what he refers to as "adversarial collaboration" -- researching or writing with those who disagree with his research.
Though I was impressed and as an American proud, it wasn't because of his Nobel Prize, which he won in 1954, when I was 14 (Faulkner, who'd won it in 1949, the first American Nobelist in my lifetime, made no such impression on me: his fame was of a different order, a strictly literary order); it wasn't because of The Old Man and the Sea, which I read at about the same time, or For Whom the Bell Tolls or A Farewell to Arms, which had already become part of classic American literature read in classrooms alongside Moby-Dick and The Scarlet Letter and his own beloved Huckleberry Finn; and it wasn't because of the permanently great short stories.