Nobilitas

Nobilitas

 

an exclusive circle of patrician and distinguished plebeian families that arose in the Roman Republic toward the beginning of the third century B.C. Traditionally, the highest state offices were filled by members of the nobilitas, and their monopoly of the highest government posts made it almost impossible for a “new man” to hold the office of consul. The nobilitas preserved the political traditions of the aristocratic republic, but opposition politicians also came from this milieu. With rare exceptions, the leaders of the Roman “democrats” also belonged to the nobilitas. During the empire, the influence of the nobilitas declined. Ancient writers also used the term “nobilitas” in a broader sense to designate the aristocracy, as opposed to the “people” or the “mob.”

REFERENCES

Gelzer, M. Die Nobilität der Römischen Republik. Leipzig-Berlin, 1912.
Münzer, F. Römische Adelsparteien und Adelsfamilien. Stuttgart, 1920.
References in periodicals archive ?
La predileccion de los pretores por la consecucion de beneficio economico y la competitividad de la nobilitas para el acceso al consulado explicarian la oposicion de Graco a la deportatio exercitus que los legati de Q.
seem to have been more frequently read" than the rest (emphasis added); Shakespeare "might have read" Johannes Sturm's Nobilitas Literata (written in 1549); he "may well have" taken cues from the Aeneid; lots of things are "likely," or "just about possible.
RUCQUOI, "Privanza, fortuna y politica: la caida de Alvaro de Luna", Rex, Sapientia, Nobilitas, Estudios sobre la Peninsula Iberica medieval, Granada, 2006, p.
19) Michael McCanles articulates a series of propositions that comprise the vera nobilitas argument:
The origins of the Third Macedonian war lie not so much in the actions of Perseus, or of Rome, but in the changing nature of Rome's relations to the Hellenistic East and the change in the attitudes of the nobilitas.
See Yakobson (2006) 390, for the composition of the Roman elite and the real meaning of the term nobilitas, which did not include "a few aristocratic clans"; cf.
Vera nobilitas animi est secundum illud, nobilitas sola est animum
Forma parte de los proyectos de investigacion: Nobilitas II- Estudios y base documental de la nobleza del Reino de Murcia, siglos XV-XIX.
1180-1250), in Rex, Sapientia, Nobilitas, Estudios sobre la Peninsula Iberica Medieval, Granada, 2006, pp.
89) L'eclatement social de l'ancienne gens voit l'eclosion, a travers des transformations sociales et politiques, d'une nobilitas composee a la fois des anciens patriciens issus des vieux groupes gentilices et d'une elite plebeienne.
Contribucion al estudio de la Didascalia multiplex de Francisco Fernandez de Cordova: los capitols XV, XXII y XLIII" offers an edition, analysis, and translation into Spanish of three chapters of Didascalia multiplex, written by Francisco Fernandez de Cordova (1565-1626): XV (Quid sit servitus; & unde dicta; ipsius origo; & quare a iure gentium introducta, & iuri naturali dicatur contraria, cum ab ipsomet emanarit); XXII (Morem appendendi ad parietes aedium sacrarum tabellas pictas, cereos, hominum simulachra, arma, vestes, caesariem, donariaque alia ab antiquis desumptum, & cur voti causa capilli tondeantur); and XLIII (Quid sit nobilitas, & unde dicta; nobilem pro noto, ignobilem pro ignoto antiquos usurpasse).