chloral hydrate

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chloral hydrate

(klōr`əl hī`drāt), central nervous system depressantdepressant,
any one of various substances that diminish functional activity, usually by depressing the nervous system. Barbiturates, sedatives, alcohol, and meprobamate are all depressants. Depressants have various modes of action and effects.
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 that is widely used as a hypnotic, or sleep-inducing drug. Chloral hydrate is the common ingredient, along with alcohol, in what are popularly known as knockout drops or Mickey Finns; the combination can induce acute intoxication and coma.

Chloral Hydrate

 

also known as 2,2,2-trichloroeth-anediol-1,1, CCl3CH(OH)2; colorless crystals that are soluble in water, alcohol, and ether and have a melting point of 53°C. Chloral hydrate is obtained by the interaction of chloral and water. It is a medicinal preparation belonging to the hypnotic group of drugs. It also exhibits sedative, analgesic, and antispasmodic effects. It is taken orally in powder or tablet form or rectally, mainly by persons with sleeping problems or person suffering from anxiety or epilepsy. It is a constituent of Denta tooth drops.

chloral hydrate

[′klȯr·əl ′hī‚drāt]
(organic chemistry)
CCl3CH(OH)2 Colorless, deliquescent needles with slightly bitter caustic taste, soluble in water; a hypnotic. Also known as crystalline chloral; hydrated chloral.

chloral hydrate

a colourless crystalline soluble solid produced by the reaction of chloral with water and used as a sedative and hypnotic; 2,2,2-trichloro-1,1-ethanediol. Formula: CCl3CH(OH)2