Noctilucent Cloud

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noctilucent cloud

[¦näk·tə¦lü·sənt ′klau̇d]
A cloud of unknown composition which occurs at great heights and high altitudes; photometric measurements have located such clouds between 45 and 54 miles (75 and 90 kilometers); they resemble thin cirrus, but usually with a bluish or silverish color, although sometimes orange to red, standing out against a dark night sky.

Noctilucent Cloud


a type of luminous, transparent cloud that sometimes appears in the upper part of the mesosphere at altitudes of 70–90 km. The structure of noctilucent clouds is somewhat similar to that of light cirrus clouds. Noctilucent clouds consist of aggregations of particles 10-4–10-5 cm in size that scatter sunlight. Such particles may consist of ice crystals formed upon condensation of water vapor that has been borne upward to high altitudes, or they may be volcanic or cosmic (meteoric) dust. It is possible that ice crystals form only around dust particles.

Noctilucent clouds were first investigated by V. K. Tseraskii in 1885. They are observed in the northern hemisphere between the latitudes of 45° and 70° and in the southern hemisphere between the latitudes of 40° and 65°. They occur only during the warm part of the year—from May through August in the northern hemisphere, with a maximum number of occurrences in July. The annual number of recorded occurrences observed from a given point may be as high as 20 to 30. Noctilucent clouds exist for periods of several minutes to several hours. In appearance they assume four basic configurations: gauze, bands, combs, and whirls. For observations from the ground, the best visibility is during nautical twilight, when the sun is 6°-12° below the horizon. Noctilucent clouds can also be observed during daylight if the observation equipment is raised aloft to high altitudes. Observations of noctilucent clouds are used to obtain data on the winds prevailing at the altitude of formation.


Bronshten, V. A., and N. I. Grishin. Serebristye oblaka. Moscow, 1970.


References in periodicals archive ?
"Winter to summer changes in the Antarctic lower atmosphere sparked a complex series of responses throughout the atmosphere 6 one of which is an earlier noctilucent cloud season," NASA said.
Prof Gary Thomas, of the University of Colorado's laboratory for atmospheric and space physics and a world expert on noctilucent clouds, said: "This is a big event.
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The Director has given talks about aurora and noctilucent clouds to several astronomical societies during 2010 '11.
Flying at night and at high altitudes, noctilucent clouds reveal fine signatures of mesospheric turbulence which can't be discerned from the ground.
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Lubken and his colleagues ran computer simulations to model the northern hemisphere's atmosphere and noctilucent clouds from 1871 to 2008 to simulate the effect of greenhouse gases and water vapour on these clouds over this period of time.
Nacreous clouds should not be confused with the much higher-altitude noctilucent clouds (Gadsden and Schroder 1989) that seem to have been documented and photographed in the mid-1880s (Dalin et al.
He presents his collection of color photographs and explanations regarding sky colors, coronas and iridescence, rainbows and cloudbows, glories, shadows, water colors and glitter, halos and pillars, noctilucent clouds and aurora, and colors from polarization.
But higher up, above all the usual clouds, at a height of about 50 miles is a layer known as the mesosphere - and it's here that we can observe a phenomenon called noctilucent clouds.