Noel-Baker, Philip John Noel-Baker, Baron

Noel-Baker, Philip John Noel-Baker, Baron,

1889–1982, British statesman, b. Philip John Baker. After helping to draft (1919) the Covenant of the League of NationsLeague of Nations,
former international organization, established by the peace treaties that ended World War I. Like its successor, the United Nations, its purpose was the promotion of international peace and security.
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, he served (1929–31, 1936–70) as a Labour member of Parliament and held cabinet posts (1946–50) under Prime Minister Clement AttleeAttlee, Clement Richard Attlee, 1st Earl
, 1883–1967, British statesman. Educated at Oxford, he was called to the bar in 1905.
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. After World War II he helped draft the United NationsUnited Nations
(UN), international organization established immediately after World War II. It replaced the League of Nations. In 1945, when the UN was founded, there were 51 members; 193 nations are now members of the organization (see table entitled United Nations Members).
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 Charter and worked actively for world disarmament. He was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 1959.
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