Nola (nô`lä), town (1991 pop. 32,613), in Campania, S Italy. It is an agricultural center with food-processing industries. An Etruscan stronghold as early as 500 B.C., Nola flourished after passing (c.316 B.C.) to Rome and was an important center of early Christianity. Nearby are Roman ruins (an amphitheater and tombs) and an old cemetery where Christian martyrs are buried. Augustus died at Nola in A.D. 14.