Nolte, Ernst

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Nolte, Ernst

 

Born Jan. 11, 1923, in Witten. German historian (Federal Republic of Germany). Since 1965, Nolte has been a professor at the University of Marburg.

In his studies, Nolte has attempted to work out a typology of fascism, incorporating for this purpose relevant material from various countries. However, his conception is highly idealistic. Focusing exclusively on ideology, he ignores the socioeconomic sources and roots of fascism, above all, the role of monopoly capital as the social force with the greatest stake in fascism. He unjustifiably regards the period between 1919 and 1945 as the era of Fascism and denies the possibility of a rebirth of fascism in the postwar period. In his political views, Nolte is aligned with conservative circles in the Federal Republic of Germany.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.